Kazakhstan: Security Services Set to Boost Corruption-Busting Role
Kazakhstan s National Security Committee, or KNB, is set to receive more powers. Under a government-initiated draft bill now under consideration, the KNB could be authorized to investigate suspected cases of corruption by certain government departments, including the anti-corruption services and the military. First deputy Prosecutor General Johann Merkel on February 15 described this provision as laying the ground for greater balance among investigative organs, although the KNB appear to be gaining the upper hand in this arrangement.
The evolution of the KNB into the battering ram of the government s stated goal to stamp out corruption has been taking place for some weeks already. Placing the anticorruption agency under the KNB s watch, therefore, represents a formal confirmation of an already existing situation. Another contentious section of the same legislative package envisions a stiff increase in fines for people found guilty of harassing even if not physically molesting law enforcement officers up to 11 million tenge ($34,000). Even the speaker of the Majlis, the lower house of parliament, Nurlan Nigmatulin, was moved to describe the proposed fine as mind-numbing and suggested that it perhaps be revised downward.
Despite this unusual grumbling, MPs waved the bill through its first reading, thereby readily confirming the reputation of the Majlis as a rubber-stamping adjunct of the government. A review on the size of the fines is expected during the second reading. Such legislation fits into a broader pattern of ever more powers being granted to police and security services, ostensibly in the interests of protecting the country from such threats as terrorism. The KNB was recently granted the authority to directly block websites, disconnect mobile phone links, disable messenger apps and suspend internet connections without having to go through service providers. The KNB will be able to carry out any of those actions at the request of the police, the anti-corruption agency, the economic crimes service and several other security bodies, in effect giving it authority previously wielded only by the General Prosecutor s Office.