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Reference Library – Canada – Prince Edward Island

Axios Pro Rata – Axios

Top of the Morning

Chip dip: Toshiba Corp. has named a consortium that includes Innovation Network Corp. of Japan (INCJ) and private equity firm Bain Capital as the preferred bidder for its semiconductor business, with an offer of around $18 billion.

What’s key to know here is that INCJ/Bain isn’t the preferred bidder in terms of price or strategic synergies a rival offer from Broadcom/Silver Lake seems to be superior on both fronts but rather is preferred because INCJ is linked to the Japanese government. It’s an interesting turn of the decade for Bain Capital, which in 2008 was effectively blocked by U.S. government regulators from buying networking company 3Com, because its partner on the deal was Huawei Technologies, which was believed to have ties to China’s government.

The BFD

Axios Pro Rata - Axios

Source: Giphy

BMC Software, a portfolio company of Bain Capital and Golden Gate Capital, is in early talks to acquire CA Inc. (Nasdaq: CA), a New York-based business software company with a current market cap north of $13 billion, according to Bloomberg[4].

  • Why it’s the BFD: If it were to happen, this would be the largest leveraged buyout of a tech company since PE-backed Dell bought EMC a couple of years back. It also would be significantly more expensive than Bain and Golden Gate’s original takeover of BMC back in 2013, which was valued at around $6.9 billion.
  • Bottom line: “CA, formerly known as Computer Associates, has its roots in providing mainframe computers used by large institutions like banks. It has been trying to shift its business to the cloud, and announced in March that it was acquiring application security firm Veracode for $614 million.” Liana Baker, Reuters[5]

Venture Capital Deals

Rubius Therapeutics, a Cambridge, Mass.-based developer of “technology to grow, genetically engineer and mature long-circulating red cell therapeutics,” has raised $120 million in new VC funding. The only disclosed investor is founding backer Flagship Pioneering. http://bit.ly/2tss2Il[6]

Cybereason, a Cambridge, Mass.-based endpoint cybersecurity company, has raised $100 million in new funding from existing investor SoftBank. Other prior backers include CRV, Spark Capital and Lockheed Martin. http://on.ft.com/2rQ05NL[7]

Syntimmune, a New York-based FcRn biology startup, has raised $50 million in Series B funding led by Apple Tree Partners. http://bit.ly/2rCi5Xw[8]

Scalable Capital, a German robo-advisor, has raised ‘ 30 million in new VC funding. BlackRock led the round, and was joined by return backers Holtzbrinck Ventures and Tengelmann Ventures. http://reut.rs/2sAbEpd[9]

Textio, a Seattle-based developer of an augmented writing platform, has raised $20 million in Series B funding. Scale Venture Partners led the round, and was joined by return backers Bloomberg Beta, Cowboy Ventures, Emergence Capital and Upside Partnership. www.textio.com[10]

M. Gemi, a Boston-based online seller of handcrafted Italian shoes, has raised $16 million in new VC funding. Burda Principal Investments led the round, and was joined by return backers Accel, General Catalyst and Forerunner Ventures. http://bit.ly/2tpzt2W[11]

Keypr, a Los Angeles-based guest experience and management platform for hotels, casinos and residences, has raised $12.8 million in Series A1 funding. Karlani Capital led the round and was joined by individual angels. http://bit.ly/2sw00M7[12]

Unbxd, a Mountain View, Calif.-based product discovery platform for e-commerce, has raised $12.5 million in Series C funding. Eight Roads Ventures led the round, and was joined by Eight Roads Ventures, IDG Ventures, Inventus Capital Partners and Nirvana Ventures. www.unxbid.com[13]

EaseCentral, a San Francisco-based SaaS platform for HR and benefits, has raised $6.5 million in Series A funding. Propel Venture Partners led the round, and was joined by return backers Freestyle Capital, Compound, Upside Partnership and Transmedia Capital. http://bit.ly/2smNgsO[14]

GreatHorn, a Belmont, Mass.-based provider of cybersecurity solutions for cloud communications platforms, has raised $6.3 million in Series A funding. Techstars VC Fund and .406 Ventures co-led the round, and were joined by ff Venture Capital, SoftTech Ventures and RRE Ventures. www.greathorn.com[15]

Mic, a millennial-focused online content company, has raised $6.5 million in new Series C funding from WPP PLC, bringing the round total to $28.4 million. Existing backers include Lightspeed Venture Partners, Time Warner Investments, kyu Collective and You & Mr. Jones. http://bit.ly/2rRgrFz[16]

CloudPost Networks, a Santa Clara, Calif.-based developer of security and risk management software, has raised $4 million in Series A funding led by Wing Venture Capital. www.cloudpost.us
[17]

Lingokids, a Madrid-based English learning platform, has raised $4 million in new VC funding from Holtzbrinck Ventures, JME Venture Capital and Bessemer Ventures Partners also participated. http://tcrn.ch/2sRP3Hz[18]

Modacruz, a Turkey-based mobile marketplace for secondhand women’s clothing, has raised $2 million in Series B funding led by Middle East Venture Partners. http://bit.ly/2rzMrtH[19]

‘ Intelligent Retinal Imaging Systems, a Pensacola, Fla.-based provider of early detection systems for diabetic eye disease,, has raised an undisclosed amount of Series B funding. Ballast Point Ventures led the round, and was joined by Providence Ventures and CoxHealth. www.retinalscreenings.com[20]

Private Equity Deals

The Blackstone Group, Cindat Capital Management (China) and GIC (Singapore) are among the bidders for a 50% stake in the Australian senior housing business of LendLease Group (ASX: LLC), according to Bloomberg. The deal could be worth around A$1 billion. https://bloom.bg/2sSOsW3[21]

Callcredit Information Group, a British portfolio company of GTCR, has acquired Confirma Sistemas and Soluciones Confirma, a pair of Spanish sister companies that provide fraud prevention and anti-money laundering software. No financial terms were disclosed. www.callcredit.co.uk[22]

Hellman & Friedman has agreed to acquire SnapAV, a Charlotte-based maker of “installation-friendly audio, visual, networking, power and surveillance products for the home, from General Atlantic. No financial terms were disclosed. www.snapav.com[23]

Global Environment Fund has acquired Gro-Well Brands, a Phoenix-based provider of natural and organic lawn and garden products. No financial terms were disclosed. www.gro-well.com[24]

MidOcean Partners has acquired a controlling interest in Affinity Dental Management Holdings, a provider of management and administrative support services for dental practices in Western Massachusetts, Connecticut and Vermont. www.midoceanpartners.com[25]

RoundTable Healthcare Partners has invested in Deerland Enzymes & Probiotics, a Kennesaw, Ga.-based maker of enzyme- and probiotic-based dietary supplements. No financial terms were disclosed. http://bit.ly/2sPD3FL[26]

Sverica has acquired iWave Information Systems, a Prince Edward Island-based provider of fundraising intelligence SaaS to healthcare, education and nonprofit organizations. No financial terms were disclosed. www.iwave.com[27]

Tech Air, a Danbury, Conn.-based portfolio company of CI Capital Partners, has acquired Angelus Welding, a Los Angeles-based distributor of welding supplies and industrial gases. No financial terms were disclosed. http://bit.ly/2sSQe9q[28]

Liquidity Events

Lee Equity Partners has hired Moelis & Co. to find a buyer for Eating Recovery Center, a Denver-based provider of eating disorder treatment centers that is expected to generate around $45 million in 2017 EBITDA, according to Dow Jones.

More M&A

Cosco Group, a Chinese state-owned shipping container operator, is in advanced talks to acquire smaller rival Orient Overseas Container Line for at least $4 billion, according to the WSJ. http://on.wsj.com/2sStwyB[29]

Ericsson has hired Morgan Stanley to explore a sale of its media solutions business, and hired Goldman Sachs to explore a sale for its broadcast and media services unit, according to Bloomberg. The Swedish tech company also agreed to sell its power modules business to Flex (Nasdaq: FLEX) for an undisclosed amount. https://bloom.bg/2sSeRDK[30]

Landing Trade Group has agreed to acquire Interstate Commodities, a Troy, N.Y.-based grain management company, for an undisclosed amount. http://reut.rs/2sNVDy9[31]

Rio Tinto (LSE: RIO) has rejected a $2.5 billion offer from Glencore PLC (LSE: GLEN) for its Australian coal assets, instead recommending an earlier $2.45 billion offer from Yancoal Australia (ASX: YAL) which Rio Tinto believes could be completed faster. http://on.wsj.com/2rCfnBo[32]

Unilever has agreed to acquire Hourglass, a luxury color cosmetics brand. No financial terms were disclosed. http://bit.ly/2rAmwlA[33]

Fundraising

Adams Street Partners has raised $475 million in LP commitments for new direct VC and growth equity efforts. www.adamsstreetpartners.com[34]

Morado Ventures is targeting $75 million for its third fund, per an SEC filing. www.moradoventures.com[35]

Seven Peaks Ventures, a Bend, Ore.-based VC firm, is raising upwards of $30 million for its second fund, per an SEC filing. www.sevenpeaksventures.com[36]

TPG Capital is planning to begin raising $3 billion for its fourth growth equity fund later this year, according to Bloomberg. https://bloom.bg/2tq7Yqf[37]

It’s Personnel

Tony Bates, the former Skype executive who most recently was president at GoPro, has joined venture firm Social Capital as CEO of a new growth equity arm. http://bit.ly/2rzYsiW[38]

Kenna Baudin has been promoted to head of U.S. private equity at executive search firm Egon Zehnder.

Bessemer Venture Partners has promoted Charles Birnbaum, Amit Karp and Kristina Shen to partner. www.bvp.com[39]

Jorge Conde, former chief strategy officer for Syros Pharmaceuticals and the founding CEO of Knome, has joined Andreessen Horowitz as the second general partner on the firm’s bio fund. www.a16z.com[40]

Mark Cranney, a former operating partner with Andreessen Horowitz and an ex-Opsware executive, has joined SignalFix as chief commercial officer. www.signalfix.com[41]

Jeffrey Housenbold has joined SoftBank as a senior investing member of the $93 billion Vision Fund. He previously was CEO of Shutterfly. SoftBank also confirmed earlier reports that former Deutsche Bank investment banker Colin Fan has joined in a similar capacity. www.softbank.com[42]

Mark Lehmkuhler has joined law firm Orrick as a Hong Kong-based partner in its M&A and private equity group. He previously was a partner with Davis Polk. www.orrick.com[43]

Hal Malone has joined WL Ross & Co. as head of its shipping and transportation practice. He previously was chief strategic officer of shipping management company Navig8 Group and, before that, was a maritime industry banker with Jefferies. www.wlross.com[44]

Go Yamashita has been named head of KKR Capital Markets Japan. He previously was with The Blackstone Group. http://bit.ly/2sUP7G5[45]

References

  1. ^ to the NY Times (www.nytimes.com)
  2. ^ first reported (www.axios.com)
  3. ^ per a job listing (wellington.wd5.myworkdayjobs.com)
  4. ^ to Bloomberg (www.bloomberg.com)
  5. ^ Liana Baker, Reuters (www.reuters.com)
  6. ^ http://bit.ly/2tss2Il (bit.ly)
  7. ^ http://on.ft.com/2rQ05NL (on.ft.com)
  8. ^ http://bit.ly/2rCi5Xw (bit.ly)
  9. ^ http://reut.rs/2sAbEpd (reut.rs)
  10. ^ www.textio.com (www.textio.com)
  11. ^ http://bit.ly/2tpzt2W (bit.ly)
  12. ^ http://bit.ly/2sw00M7 (bit.ly)
  13. ^ www.unxbid.com (www.unxbid.com)
  14. ^ http://bit.ly/2smNgsO (bit.ly)
  15. ^ www.greathorn.com (www.greathorn.com)
  16. ^ http://bit.ly/2rRgrFz (bit.ly)
  17. ^ www.cloudpost.us (www.cloudpost.us)
  18. ^ http://tcrn.ch/2sRP3Hz (tcrn.ch)
  19. ^ http://bit.ly/2rzMrtH (bit.ly)
  20. ^ www.retinalscreenings.com (www.retinalscreenings.com)
  21. ^ https://bloom.bg/2sSOsW3 (bloom.bg)
  22. ^ www.callcredit.co.uk (www.callcredit.co.uk)
  23. ^ www.snapav.com (www.snapav.com)
  24. ^ www.gro-well.com (www.gro-well.com)
  25. ^ www.midoceanpartners.com (www.midoceanpartners.com)
  26. ^ http://bit.ly/2sPD3FL (bit.ly)
  27. ^ www.iwave.com (www.iwave.com)
  28. ^ http://bit.ly/2sSQe9q (bit.ly)
  29. ^ http://on.wsj.com/2sStwyB (on.wsj.com)
  30. ^ https://bloom.bg/2sSeRDK (bloom.bg)
  31. ^ http://reut.rs/2sNVDy9 (reut.rs)
  32. ^ http://on.wsj.com/2rCfnBo (on.wsj.com)
  33. ^ http://bit.ly/2rAmwlA (bit.ly)
  34. ^ www.adamsstreetpartners.com (www.adamsstreetpartners.com)
  35. ^ www.moradoventures.com (www.moradoventures.com)
  36. ^ www.sevenpeaksventures.com (www.sevenpeaksventures.com)
  37. ^ https://bloom.bg/2tq7Yqf (bloom.bg)
  38. ^ http://bit.ly/2rzYsiW (bit.ly)
  39. ^ www.bvp.com (www.bvp.com)
  40. ^ www.a16z.com (www.a16z.com)
  41. ^ www.signalfix.com (www.signalfix.com)
  42. ^ www.softbank.com (www.softbank.com)
  43. ^ www.orrick.com (www.orrick.com)
  44. ^ www.wlross.com (www.wlross.com)
  45. ^ http://bit.ly/2sUP7G5 (bit.ly)

British Security Services Tie North Korea to WannaCry

Anti-Malware , Fraud , Ransomware[1][2][3]

As Lazarus Group Attacks, Experts Question Organizations’ Security Readiness Mathew J. Schwartz (euroinfosec) June 16, 2017 [4][5] British Security Services Tie North Korea To WannaCry GCHQ headquarters in Cheltenham, England. (Source: GCHQ)

Britain’s security services have concluded that the WannaCry ransomware outbreak[6] was launched by individuals tied to North Korea, the BBC[7] reports.

See Also: Three and a Half Crimeware Trends to Watch in 2017[8]

Citing unnamed British government security sources, the BBC reported Friday that the U.K.’s National Cyber Security Center, part of the GCHQ intelligence agency, believes that the Lazarus hacking group launched the attack. GCHQ couldn’t be immediately reached for comment on the report. Security experts have long recommended taking such reports with a grain of salt[9]. “Let’s hope everyone treats any analysis with all the caveats applied: We wouldn’t want a cyber dodgy dossier justifying some future action,” says Alan Woodward[10], a professor of computer security who advises Europol, the EU’s law enforcement intelligence agency, on cybersecurity matters.

Many security firms have already noted that there appear to be numerous links[11] suggesting a connection between WannaCry and Lazarus (see Is WannaCry the First Nation-State Ransomware?[12]). Adrian Nish, head of the cyber-threat intelligence team at British defense contractor BAE, says there’s significant overlap between WannaCry and code that’s been previously tied to Lazarus attacks. “It seems to tie back to the same code base and the same authors,” he tells the BBC. “The code overlaps are significant.”

But there are also clues suggesting that the ransomware[13] campaign – or at least aspects of it – were not run by North Korea (see WannaCry’s Ransom Note: Great Chinese, Not-So-Hot Korean[14]). Still, an intelligence service’s hack-attack attribution would likely be based not just on apparent technical links, but much more extensive signals intelligence or even human intelligence. U.S. officials, for example, said that level of intelligence was behind the U.S. government’s attribution of the 2014 Sony Pictures Entertainment hack to “North Korea actors.”

US-CERT Issues Hidden Cobra Alert

Britain’s reported WannaCry attribution to Lazarus follows the U.S. Computer Emergency Response Team, part of the Department of Homeland Security, warning Thursday in a technical alert that North Korean hackers have been targeting U.S. media, aerospace, financial and critical infrastructure sectors since 2009. US-CERT’s nickname for the hacker group involved is Hidden Cobra, which is synonymous with Lazarus, as well as DarkSeoul, the Guardians of Peace, Silent Chollima and Bureau 121 (see U.S. Government Warns of North Korean Hacking[15]).

Also on Thursday, the Washington Post[16], citing unnamed sources, reported that the National Security Agency has “moderate confidence” that WannaCry is linked to North Korea. In an ironic twist, WannaCry spread so quickly because it was combined with a worm designed to target a server messaging block flaw in Windows that was revealed when the shadowy group known as the Shadow Brokers leaked a related attack tool. That SMB-targeting attack tool, codenamed EternalBlue, has been ascribed to the Equation Group, which many security experts believe is the NSA’s own hacking team. The May 12 WannaCry outbreak was accidentally – but fortuitously – blunted by British security researcher Marcus Hutchins, aka @MalwareTechBlog[17], after he registered a nonsensical domain name that the ransomware was referencing to see it was being run in a sandbox. Such tools are often used by security researchers to study how malware functions (see How WannaCry Survives[18]).

Microsoft quietly patched the related SMB flaw for currently supported operating systems in March, and issued emergency patches[19] for three unsupported operating systems – including Windows XP – on May 12. Even so, WannaCry went on to infect more than 200,000 systems around the world, including numerous systems operated by Britain’s National Health Service. The attacks also triggered political fallout, as NHS trusts and government ministers struggled to defend their IT spending decisions (see NHS Denies Widespread Windows XP Use[20]).

Impetus: Unclear

The impetus for the WannaCry campaign remains unclear. Of course, a well-written piece of ransomware could generate appreciable profits. But security experts say that whoever wrote the code made numerous mistakes, suggesting that they were not cybercrime veterans (see Teardown: WannaCry Ransomware[21]). For example, the developer – or developers – attempted to assign a unique bitcoin address to each infection, which would have made it easier to track which victims paid a ransom, to furnish them with a decryption key. But due to a coding error, the ransomware reverted to displaying one of three hard-coded bitcoin addresses to victims. As a result, security experts said it would have been almost impossible to scale the ransomware to the point where it could have been used to generate significant income.

That’s led some information security experts to suggest that whoever developed WannaCry may have accidentally lost control of it, because the SMB-targeting worm proved more effective than they suspected.

Lazarus Hacks

The reported attribution of WannaCry to Lazarus adds to a bevy of attacks allegedly launched by the group. For example, the FBI tied Lazarus to the devastating 2014 wiper malware attack – and doxing campaign – against Sony Pictures Entertainment. That followed devastating cyberattacks against South Korea in 2013, disrupting its banking system, that have also been attributed to Lazarus. More recently, security firms have seen strong signs that the group is tied to last year’s heist of $81 million from the central bank of Bangladesh’s account at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, perpetrated via fraudulent SWIFT interbank money-moving messages (see Kaspersky Links North Korean IP Address to Lazarus[22]). Multiple security firms also say there’s strong evidence that Lazarus has targeted other banks, including banks in Europe[23], with similar attacks. Security firm Kaspersky Lab says that a Lazarus subgroup, which it calls Bluenoroff, runs expertly planned and executed hacking operations against banks and other targets, including individual traders and casinos.

The precise relationship between the Pyongyang-based government of North Korea – officially known as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and led by Kim Jong-un – and Lazarus remains unclear. But the Bangladesh Bank heist originally targeted nearly $1 billion. For a country that in the words of the CIA[24] “faces chronic economic problems,” and which in 2015 had an estimated GDP of just $40 billion, the proceeds from the bank heist could have provided a much-needed boost.

After Attribution, What’s Next?

While it can be interesting to attribute attacks to specific actors, security experts have long cautioned that attribution only serves diplomatic interests. In other words, it’s up to governments to pursue offenders, via law enforcement and intelligence agencies, as well as to apply pressure at a diplomatic level. From an awareness standpoint, however, the attribution of WannaCry to North Korea serves as a reminder that organizations are at risk not just from cybercrime groups, mercenaries and opportunistic nation states, but also potentially groups that combine aspects of all three.

Whatever the identity or impetus of the attacker, however, the next question must be: Are organizations prepared? Security experts say that by and large, the answer is too often negative.

SPOILER ALERT: Most of Central Banks in Africa don’t have a security team and even if they do the level is too weak.

Matthieu Suiche (@msuiche) June 16, 2017[25]

Matthieu Suiche[26], managing director of Dubai-based incident-response firm Comae Technologies, says it’s a virtual certainty that many organizations in Africa, the Middle East and Asia, and especially central banks in Africa, would be unable to fend off a targeted hack attack or resist a ransomware campaign launched by the likes of Lazarus. Whether WannaCry – and warnings of long-term campaigns being waged by North Korean hackers – serves as a wakeup call for those organizations, however, remains to be seen.

References

  1. ^ Anti-Malware (www.bankinfosecurity.com)
  2. ^ Fraud (www.bankinfosecurity.com)
  3. ^ Ransomware (www.bankinfosecurity.com)
  4. ^ Mathew J. Schwartz (www.bankinfosecurity.com)
  5. ^ euroinfosec (www.twitter.com)
  6. ^ WannaCry ransomware outbreak (www.databreachtoday.com)
  7. ^ BBC (www.bbc.co.uk)
  8. ^ Three and a Half Crimeware Trends to Watch in 2017 (www.bankinfosecurity.com)
  9. ^ grain of salt (www.databreachtoday.com)
  10. ^ Alan Woodward (twitter.com)
  11. ^ links (www.databreachtoday.com)
  12. ^ Is WannaCry the First Nation-State Ransomware? (www.databreachtoday.com)
  13. ^ ransomware (ransomware.databreachtoday.com)
  14. ^ WannaCry’s Ransom Note: Great Chinese, Not-So-Hot Korean (www.databreachtoday.com)
  15. ^ U.S. Government Warns of North Korean Hacking (www.databreachtoday.com)
  16. ^ Washington Post (www.washingtonpost.com)
  17. ^ @MalwareTechBlog (twitter.com)
  18. ^ How WannaCry Survives (www.govinfosecurity.com)
  19. ^ emergency patches (ransomware.databreachtoday.com)
  20. ^ NHS Denies Widespread Windows XP Use (www.databreachtoday.com)
  21. ^ Teardown: WannaCry Ransomware (www.databreachtoday.com)
  22. ^ Kaspersky Links North Korean IP Address to Lazarus (www.databreachtoday.com)
  23. ^ including banks in Europe (www.databreachtoday.com)
  24. ^ CIA (www.cia.gov)
  25. ^ June 16, 2017 (twitter.com)
  26. ^ Matthieu Suiche (twitter.com)

Canada’s birthday boat: An old icebreaker embarks on a voyage of rediscovery

Canada s birthday boat: An old icebreaker embarks on a voyage of rediscovery – The Globe and Mail

Jump to main navigationJump to main content[1][2]

CANADA 150

Canada C3 s mission is to spark conversation about Confederation s legacy and Indigenous reconciliation with a 150-day trip around the country from Toronto to Victoria. Marcus Gee joins the first leg to see what lies ahead

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

The vessel Canada C3 passes by Kingston on the first leg of its 150-day expedition from Toronto to Victoria via the Northwest Passage.

Marcus Gee[3]

The Globe and Mail Last updated: Monday, Jun. 05, 2017 11:56PM EDT

It is the end of another full day of the voyage around Canada. The Canada C3 is anchored in Picton Harbour in Ontario s Prince Edward County. The sun is out and the calm waters sparkle. The drone pilot is getting ready to send one of his machines up for an evening flight. The Zodiacs are ferrying boatloads of expeditioners back to the ship after their rounds of exploring and spreading the word about the voyage. In the legacy room, devoted to reconciliation with Indigenous peoples, a quiet young man sings a Mohawk song, then explains the origins and meaning of traditional lacrosse. On the afterdeck, a local winemaker who heard about the voyage and wants to help out is pouring cups of white and explaining how she nurtures her vines. She is donating nine cases.

The Canada C3 project started with a simple idea: to sail around Canada on its 150th birthday in 150 days. A repurposed icebreaker will travel 23,000 kilometres from Toronto to Victoria via the Northwest Passage, coast to coast to coast. Thus C3. But the expedition aims to become much more than another Maritime adventure or anniversary party. Expedition leader Geoff Green wants to get Canadians talking not just about the wonders of the country and the waters that embrace it on all sides, but about its faults and its future. Reconciliation with Indigenous peoples is one theme. The ship has a legacy room, blessed before Thursday s departure by an Indigenous elder. A turtle symbol graces the ship s funnel; several First Nations peoples refer to the world as Turtle Island.

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Diversity is another. The expedition has selected Canadians of every background to come aboard, reaching for the widest possible mix. On an onshore hike Saturday, a spoken-word poet of Filipino heritage chatted with a country singer from the West Coast about bringing an Indigenous artist into their plan to write a song about the voyage. Mr. Green says that when Indigenous leaders started saying that they wanted no part of celebrating the 150th anniversary of a country that had treated its first peoples so badly, he says, it became clear we could not do this just going around blowing our horn about how great we are.

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

Indigenous art and the Canada 150 logo adorn the ship. Reconciliation with Indigenous peoples is a key theme of the voyage.

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

The ship s legacy room is named to honour Tragically Hip frontman Gord Downie and Chanie Wenjack, an Indigenous youth who died escaping residential school in 1966 and is commemorated in Mr. Downie s album Secret Path. The legacy room plays host to cultural events about reconciliation with Indigenous peoples.

So he decided to open up the expedition, giving it a wider membership and a more reflective program. Close to 5,000 people answered an invitation to join one of the 15 legs of the journey. Mr. Green and his team chose 300: artists, musicians, scientists, naturalists, community leaders, newcomers to Canada, historians, youth ambassadors and Indigenous elders. The group on the first leg, Toronto to Montreal, includes a fisheries expert who is passionate about eels and hands everyone on board an eel tattoo sticker; a border-security official whose hobby is reviewing fine whiskies; a Zodiac driver who swims with whales and once sailed an 18-foot catamaran through the Northwest Passage; a bubbly, nature-loving Grade 2 teacher from Calgary; and an international-development student who helps run a clean-water program in Yemen. That s not mentioning the regular crew who actually work the ship, a collection of characters, many from Newfoundland, with nicknames such as Mud Trout, Angry Bird and Flower. Mr. Green himself is a veteran explorer who has made 92 trips to Antarctica and around 40 to the Arctic, among many other visits to far-flung corners of the globe. He founded the Students on Ice Foundation, which leads educational trips to the Arctic and Antarctic.

Mulling what to do for the 150th, he and his team put a map of Canada up on the wall. They did some quick calculations and reckoned it would take 148 days to cover the three coasts. Why not make it an even 150?

For the 150th, I thought we needed something that would capture how people feel about the country, he says. It s not just the beauty, it s everything else we have: the people, the culture, the wildlife, the history, the science. Putting the expedition together took months of fundraising, lobbying and complex who-goes-where-when planning. The effort will cost about $10-million, with 60 per cent coming from government and the rest from a host of private sponsors. The Globe and Mail is a media partner. Mr. Green s first task was to find a ship robust enough to make it through the Northwest Passage and big enough to carry a company of about 60. It wasn t easy. The Coast Guard had no vessels to spare. Using a foreign-flagged ship seemed wrong. Finally, he found a former Coast Guard icebreaker that was doing support work in the Atlantic oil fields off Newfoundland.

Built like a floating fortress, she is proving perfect for the job. The old helicopter hangar has become a meeting room and lecture hall, with a birch-bark canoe hung from its ceiling. A crew lounge is the place to go for late-night jam sessions by the various guitar pickers and other musicians on board. Big, black Zodiacs strapped to the deck and lifted into the water ferry expeditioners from ship to shore. A portable laboratory in a shipping container gives on-board scientists a place to work. With a bulbous satellite dish fixed to the superstructure, the ship has all the latest technology the team needs to broadcast the story of the trip via video, social media, podcast and other platforms. Six drones are set to buzz around taking video of the action. The cargo includes 2,000 hockey sticks to be handed out to communities in the North. Canada C3 set sail Thursday evening from a quay on Toronto s harbourfront, cheered on by a crowd of well-wishers and wished Godspeed by Ontario s Lieutenant-Governor, Elizabeth Dowdeswell. Before boarding for the 10-day trip to Montreal, Mr. Green held up a model of Paddle to the Sea, the carved wooden figure who rides by canoe through the Great Lakes from the top of Lake Superior all the way to the Atlantic in Holling Clancy Holling s illustrated classic, later made into a movie. Mr. Green promised he would put Paddle in the water off all three coasts.

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

A zodiac from Canada C3 heads toward Kingston s Confederation Basin Marina.

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

Canada C3 s $10-million journey is being mostly funded by government and a host of private sponsors, including The Globe and Mail.

Canada C3 pulled away from the quay and sailed slowly out of the Eastern Gap into Lake Ontario as night fell and Toronto s brilliant skyline came alight. The next morning found the vessel off the False Duck islands near the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where scientists took water samples. From there, it sailed up Adolphus Reach to the first stop on its long journey: Picton. Expeditioners got a warm reception and a hot supper at Prince Edward Yacht Club, where a Mohawk chief said a prayer, the mayor gave a speech and the commodore presented Mr. Green with the club burgee, a triangular flag, to fly from the ship. Absorbing the welcome, Mr. Green, who is 50, said it was finally sinking in that the voyage was under way at last. His kids, Fletcher, 9, and Nellie, 6, clung to his leg as he spoke. The next day brought a visit to a Picton cheese fair, a guided hike in Sandbanks Provincial Park and a trip with the eel enthusiast to watch threatened American eels being fitted with electronic trackers.

If the trip s aims of wound healing, inclusion, environmental sustainability, youth engagement and all of that can seem awfully earnest Justin Trudeau would fit right in the effect is never stultifying. At times, the expedition has the feel of a summer camp for grown-ups full of hugs, high spirits, heaping group breakfasts and the usual round of mishaps. On Saturday, one participant, a young woman from Squamish, B.C., needed to be fitted for a brace and crutches after she hurt her leg; another expeditioner got taken to hospital after he had an allergic reaction to something he ate. Then the ship s toilets started backing up. Amid all of this, a member of the C3 team stuck her head into a crowded room on the ship: Does anyone have a corkscrew? The wine lady had arrived.

Other times, the mood turns serious and emotion wells up. A woman from Yellowknife told a group gathered in the hangar about how her father was taken from his family to spend 14 years in residential school and how he gave up drinking when she was born to raise her properly. In Kingston on Sunday, the expeditioners took part in the KAIROS blanket exercise. Participants stand on blankets representing the lands of Indigenous peoples as the effects of European settlement take their toll. The blankets, like the land and the people, gradually diminish over time. This is perhaps what Mr. Green was hoping for, a chance to marvel in the glories of a water-girdled land but also to reflect on its past in all its painful complexity. What began as a voyage of adventure is on its way to becoming a much deeper exploration.

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

Traditional knowledge keeper Paul Carl, right, participates in a blanket ceremony in Kingston with with Geoff Green, leader of the Canada C3 expedition.

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

Leona Humchitt, Paula Huddy and Johanne McInnis participate in the Kingston ceremony.


In photos


Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

Felicity Feinman, part of the ship s comms team, sits in the officer s lounge on Canada C3.

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

Canada C3 was a former Coast Guard icebreaker doing support work in the oil fields off Newfoundland.

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

The guest lounge. Canada C3 has invited Canadians of every background to come aboard.

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

Canada C3 s crew gather for breakfast in the dining area.

Canada's Birthday Boat: An Old Icebreaker Embarks On A Voyage Of Rediscovery

On the bridge, first mate Jim Pierce of Nova Scotia studies a map of eastern Lake Ontario.


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