Reference Library – USA – California
No one ever said that legal settlements were a quick process, but after more than three years, 47 states and the District of Columbia will be compensated for Target s infamous 2013 data breach.
Target will pay a record $18.5 million in penalties for a data breach that compromised millions of customer credit and debit card accounts. California will get the largest part of that settlement at $1.4 million. Alabama, Wisconsin, and Wyoming did not paticipate in the action and are not included.
Families should be able to shop without worrying that their financial information is going to get stolen, and Target failed to provide this security,” said California Attorney General Xavier Becerra in a statement. “This should send a strong message to other companies: you are responsible for protecting your customers personal information. Not just sometimes always.”
Infamous data breach
Consumers may remember back in 2013 when news broke about a data breach that affected holiday shoppers who had made purchases at Target. At the time, officials said that Target had done several things wrong, including granting access to a third-party vendor who had weak security protocols, not segregating customer data from less sensitive parts of its network, and ignoring multiple warnings from its security software which indicated that hackers had breached its system. As part of the settlement, Target will be required to adopt advanced security measures to protect customer information in the future and must hire an executive to oversee a comprehensive information security program. The company must also encrypt and protect payment card information it receives so that it is not useable if stolen.
Target responded to the announcement by saying it was pleased to bring this issue to a resolution for everyone involved, according to a Los Angeles Times report. However, the company still faces a $10 million class action settlement that was approved in 2015.
By David Allen Lambert
Stoughton news 75 years ago and Randolph News 45 years ago this week. Stoughton news from The Stoughton News-Sentinel, May 21, 1942
The body of First Sergeant Edgar A. Halliden, a soldier in the United States Army for the past 26 years, arrived in town Wednesday. Following death as the result of an automobile accident near the Presidio, at Fort Ord, Monterey, California, on May 14, arrangements were made to bring the body to his hometown in Stoughton. The remains were accompanied by Technical Sergeant M. J. Bonyan, who was stationed at the Presidio in Monterey. The funeral will be held from the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. James S. Halliden, 58 Pleasant Street, on Friday morning at 8:30 o clock, followed by a solemn requiem high mass in the Immaculate Conception Church at 9:00, when it is expected that he will be buried with full military honors in the confines of the Holy Sepulchre cemetery. First sergeant Halliden enlisted in the United State Army in 1916. He served in World War I in France and was with the army of occupation. He also saw service in Mexico, China and the Philippines, besides being on duty in his own country. Sergeant Halliden survived by his father and mother, one brother, Joseph V. Halliden of Stoughton; five sisters, Mrs. Harland Dill of Springfield; Sister Mary Edgar of St. Joseph s Order, a teacher of St. Paul s parochial school, Cambridge; Teresa G. and Mildred R. Haliden of this town, and Mrs. Vincent O Sullivan of Dorchester. The Board of Selectmen held their weekly meeting Tuesday, with the chairman, Fred C. Phillips, presiding. They received the resignation of Miss Helen Zabrosky, investigator in the public welfare office. They received four applications for the position, and will consider their qualifications and possibly appoint someone at their meeting next Tuesday evening. Miss Zabrosky concludes her duties on Saturday. The Selectmen appointed John J. Rogers as transportation agent for the town, to get defense workers and other workers to double up on cases, that is, to use one car where three are being used today, thus curtailing gasoline, oil and tires during the present emergency. It will also be his duty to try and get the railroad and bus lines to give added service to cope with any increase in patronage, and on such schedule that would meet the needs of the working and shopping public. The matter of interviewing candidates for the office of Town Manager was deferred until a later date.
The Stoughton American Legion Post, No. 89, is sponsoring a dance to be held in Town Hall on Friday evening, May 29. The proceeds of the affair are to be used in purchasing, and oxygen mask for the fire department. This is a worth object and merits the support of the townspeople. The final exhibit of all local 4-H Clubs will be held in Town Hall next Monday evening, May 25. The doors will open at 7 p.m. Adults are admitted without a ticket, but all children must have a ticket, but all children must have a ticket given them by local leaders in order to be admitted to the hall. The program will begin at 7:30, following a half hour of inspecting the work exhibited. Harvey M. Jones, new State Club leader, who comes from South Dakota will be present as an honored guest. The regular monthly meeting of San Salvador Council, No. 200, K. of C., was held in the lodge rooms on Tuesday evening Daniel Corbett, G.K. presided, and there up during the evening. It was voted to give all members leaving for military service a farewell send-off from now on. It was also voted to suitably remember the five members who have already been inducted into the service. The members of this committee are Grand Knight Daniel Corbett, Edgar Foster, Joseph Nally, Charles T. Farrell and John Mears.
Randolph news items from Randolph Herald, May 24, 1972
The furor of the town meetings throughout the area has now been subsided and a degree of normalcy has returned to the local scene. In Randolph the weekly Selectmen s meeting wound down with routine business on its agenda, with the exception of a group of five citizens who turned out because of drainage problems in the area of Crowley Drive. The first item on the agenda was the correspondence. There was a request from Mr. Brenner to be considered for the position of constable and it was the vote of the board to approve this action subject to police inspection. The use of the high school was approved for a meeting between the young people and some of its legislators with Thomas Sullivan, present chairman of the selectmen, heading the rap session. There was a request from Dr. Arthur A. Weiner for an additional opening for his dentist office on Royal St. because of the hazard there. This was tabled for one week. Bernard Davidson, traffic safety commissioner, requested that the selectmen forward a letter to Joseph Walsh, the new senator of the Sixth Suffolk district, urging him to vote favorably on a bill coming up in the Massachusetts Senate which would lower the percentage level of alcohol on the breath in the determination of drunken drivers from .015 to .010. It was requested that the Traffic Safety Commission forward a copy of its attendance and minutes to the board of selectmen. June 5 was the date scheduled for the continuation of the hearings on Minot Drive. Executive Secretary Henry Lowd brought before the board of desire of Stanley Rossman of North Main St., to apply for a position on the Police Department. Advance ticket sales are brisk for the May 22 dinner meeting of the Randolph Democratic Town Committee, Chairman John McCarthy reports. Congressman Michael J. Harrington of Massachusetts, who recently returned from Vietnam, will be featured speaker. Mr. Harrington, 35, of Salem is the first Democratic Congressman to present the Sixth Massachusetts District since 1970. The meeting which is open to the public, will be held at the Randolph Country Club. Tickets are $4. Seventh grade pupils in the biology classes taught by John Doherty at the Kennedy Junior High School are out getting their own animal specimens as part of their study. The field in and around the Kennedy Jr. High serves as an extended science laboratory for the pupils. Mr. Doherty feels that this outdoor experience helps to reinforce their biology work in school. In order to prepare for this project the students made all the nets and the traps which they use to collect the animals. These animals which are captured are later identified in the classroom. This part of the program is the culminating activity for this year. However, due to the success of the project, Mr. Doherty plans to conduct similar programs during the entire school year in the future, starting in the fall. Combining his interest in photography with his science class, Mr. Doherty has captured some interesting views of the pupils at work on specimen collecting.
Army S-4 Donald M. Sheppard, son of Mr. and Mrs. Earl M. Sheppard of 23 Royal St., has been assigned to the 198th Infantry Brigade in Vietnam. The 20 year old soldier is serving as a security guard in Headquarters Battery, 3rd Battalion of the Brigade s 82nd Field Artillery near Da Nang. S-4 Sheppard, a 1970 Randolph High graduate, entered the Army in January 1971 and completed basic training at Fort Dix, serving at Fort Carson, Colorado, before going to Vietnam.
David Allen Lambert is a local historian and the author of the illustrated history: Images of America Stoughton (2001), Vital Records of Stoughton to the end of the year 1850 (2008), and Postcard History of Stoughton (2009), and co-author with Brenda Lea Lambert of Stoughton in the 20th Century (2015). He is also a columnist writing a weekly column on Stoughton, and Randolph history. David is Vice President the Stoughton Historical Society, and on Board of Trustees of the Stoughton Public Library.
When Martin Cohn passed through airport security at Ronald Reagan Airport, he figured that he d probably get some questions about the 3-D-printed model of a mouse penis in his bag. The model is 15 centimeters long, made of clear translucent plastic, and indisputably phallic like the dismembered member of some monstrous, transparent, 11-foot rodent. One of Cohn s colleagues had already been questioned about it when she carried it on an outward flight from Gainesville to Washington D.C. She put it through the security scanner, and the bag got pulled. A TSA official looked inside, winked at her, and let her go. She was amused but embarrassed, so Cohn offered to take the model home on the return flight. Once again, the bag was pulled. A TSA officer asked if Cohn had anything sharp or fragile inside. Yes, he said, some 3-D-printed anatomical models. They re pretty fragile. The officer pulled out two models of mouse embryos, nodded to herself, and moved on. And then, Cohn recalls, she pulled out this mouse penis by its base, like it was Excalibur.
What is this?
Do you need to know or do you want to know? said Cohn. I m curious, she replied.
It s a 3-D print-out of an adult mouse penis. A what?
A 3-D print-out of an adult mouse penis.
Oh no it isn t.
It is. The officer called over three of her colleagues and asked them to guess what it is. No one said anything, so Cohn told them. They fell apart laughing. Cohn, who s based at the University of Florida, studies genitals and urinary tracts, and how they develop in embryos. Around 1 in 250 people are born with birth defects affecting these organs, and although such changes are becoming more common, their causes are largely unclear. By studying how genitals normally develop, Cohn s hoping to understand what happens when they take a different path. And like many scientists, he is working with mice. He recently analysed a mouse s genitals with a high-resolution medical scanner. To show his colleagues how incredibly detailed the scans can be, he used them to print a scaled-up model, which he took with him to the conference in DC. And because the conference was just a two-day affair, Cohn didn t bring any checked luggage. Hence: the penis in his carry-on.
Scientists, as it happens, are full of tales like this because as a group, they re likely to (a) travel frequently, and (b) carry really weird shit in their bags. In previous years, Cohn has flown with the shin bone of a giant ground sloth and a cooler full of turtle embryos. Just last month, Diane Kelly from the University of Massachusetts, who studies the evolution of animal genitals, was stopped by the TSA because she was carrying what is roughly the opposite of Cohn s item: a 3-D-printed mold of a dolphin vagina. Technically it s not even my dolphin vagina mold, she says. I was carrying it for someone. Other scientists who responded to a call for stories on Twitter have flown with bottles of monkey pee, chameleon and skate embryos, 5,000 year old human bones, remotely operated vehicles, and, well, a bunch of rocks. ( I’m a geologist. I study rocks.”) Astrophysicist Brian Schimdt was once stopped by airport officials on his way to North Dakota because he was carrying his Nobel Prize a half-pound gold disk that showed up as completely black on the security scanners. Uhhhh. Who gave this to you? they said. The King of Sweden, he replied. Why did he give this to you?, they probed. Because I helped discover the expansion rate of the universe was accelerating.
Anthropologist Donald Johanson has flown with probably the most precious and the most famous of these cargos: the bones of the Lucy the Australopithecus, who Johanson himself discovered. In a memoir, he recalls having to show her bones to a customs official in Paris. The man was an anthropology buff, and when Johanson told him that the fossils were from Ethiopia, he said, You mean Lucy? A large crowd gathered and watched as Lucy s bones were displayed, one by one, on the Customs counter. I got my first inkling of the enormous pull that Lucy would generate from then on, everywhere she went. Several people have stories about more animate luggage. Jonathan Klassen from the University of Connecticut studies leafcutter ants, and the permits that allow him to collect wild colonies stipulate that he must hand-carry them onto planes. Inevitably, some poor security officer gets a duffle bag full of 10,000 ants and gets really confused, he says. Indeed, many animals have to be hand-carried onto planes because they don t fare well in the cold of cargo holds, (and often can t be shipped for similar reasons). That s certainly the case for the amblypygids docile relatives of spiders with utterly nightmarish appearances that Alexander Vaughan once tried to carry onto a domestic flight. My strategy was to pretend that everything I was doing was perfectly normal, he tells me. Others were more upfront about their unorthodox cargo. Ondine Cleaver from UT Southwestern Medical Center once tried carrying tupperware containers full of frogs from New York to Austin. At security, she realized that she couldn t possibly subject the animals to harmful doses of X-rays, so she explained the contents of her bag to a TSA agent. She totally freaked out, but had to peek in the container, says Cleaver. We opened it just a slit, and there were 12-14 eyes staring at her. She screamed. She did this 3 times. A few other agents came by to see, and none could deal with the container being opened more than a bit. But they had to make sure there was nothing nefarious inside, so we went through cycles of opening the container, screaming, closing it laughing, and again. They eventually let her through.
Many scientists have had tougher experiences because their equipment looks suspicious. The bio-logging collars that Luca Borger uses to track cattle in the Alps look a lot like explosive belts. And the Petterson D500x bat detector, which Daniella Rabaiotti uses to record bat calls, is a big, black box with blinking lights on the front. She had one in her backpack on a flight going into Houston. The security people said, Take your laptop out, and I did that. But they don t really say, Take your bat detector out, and I forgot about it. When the scanner went off, she had to explain her research to a suspicious and stand-offish TSA official, who wasn t clear how anyone could manage to record bat calls, let alone why anyone would want to do that. So Rabaiotti showed him some sonograms, pulled out her laptop, and played him some calls all while other passengers were going about their more mundane checks. By the end of it, he said: Oh, I never knew bats were so interesting, she says. Many of the stories I heard had similar endings. The TSA once stopped Michael Polito, an Antarctic researcher from Louisiana State University, because his bag contained 50 vials of white powder. When he explained that the powder was freeze-dried Antarctic fur seal milk, he got a mixed reaction. Some officers just wanted to just wave me on, he says. Others wanted me to stay and answer their questions, like: How do you milk a fur seal? I was almost late for my flight.
Airport security lines, it turns out, are a fantastic venue for scientists to try their hand at outreach. Various scientists are said to have claimed that you don t really understand something if you can t explain it to your grandmother, a barmaid, a six-year-old, and other such sexist or ageist variants. But how about this: can you successfully explain it to an TSA official someone who not only might have no background in science, but also strongly suspects that you might be a national security threat? Can you justify your research in the face of questions like What are you doing? or Why are you doing it? or Why are you taking that onto a plane? Cohn did pretty well to the four assembled TSA agents who started quizzing him about his mouse penis. They noticed that the translucent object had a white tube inside it, and asked if it was a bone. It was indeed the baculum. I explained to them that most other mammals have a bone in the penis and humans have lost them, says Cohn. I do outreach at the drop of a hat, and I m ready to teach a bit of evolution to the TSA if they re interested. And they were freaking out. Eventually, Cohn asked if he was free to go.
You are, said the agent who first looked inside his bag. And then: I gotta go on break, my mind is blown.
- ^ the bag was pulled (twitter.com)
- ^ full of tales like this (www.forbes.com)
- ^ 3-D-printed mold of a dolphin vagina (gizmodo.com)
- ^ a call for stories (twitter.com)
- ^ monkey pee (twitter.com)
- ^ chameleon and skate embryos (twitter.com)
- ^ 5,000 year old human bones (twitter.com)
- ^ bunch of rocks (twitter.com)
- ^ because he was carrying his Nobel Prize (blogs.scientificamerican.com)
- ^ Lucy (www.theatlantic.com)
- ^ In a memoir (books.google.com)
- ^ University of Connecticut (uconn.edu)
- ^ suspicious (twitter.com)
- ^ The bio-logging collars that (twitter.com)
- ^ D500x bat detector (www.batmanagement.com)