Reference Library – USA – North Dakota
Dr. Patricia Hooper, Professor, Trident University International
If Professor Patricia Hooper is the example of the quality of teachers at Trident, then my experience working on my Masters will be the best that can be provided in comparison to any other online school! – Roger Choiniere, MSHLS student.
Cypress, CA (PRWEB) April 26, 2017
Dr. Patricia Hooper, Professor in Trident University International s (Trident) College of Health and Human Services, has received the Trident Teaching Excellence Award for the Fall 2016 quarter. Dr. Hooper, who joined Trident in 2015, teaches in the University s Homeland Security programs. Dr. Hooper was selected from among 65 faculty members nominated by 89 students based on the strength of commendations from students and faculty leadership.
If Professor Patricia Hooper is the example of the quality of teachers at Trident, then my experience working on my Masters will be the best that can be provided in comparison to any other online school! stated Roger Choiniere, student in Trident s Master of Science in Homeland Security program. Dr. Hooper received a Ph.D. in Communication from the University of Washington, Seattle in 2010. Her dissertation was titled Vulnerable Populations and Crisis Communications: A model for accessible disaster preparedness campaigns. Her area of expertise is community-based public relations and crisis communication studies.
In addition to Trident, Dr. Hooper has served as a professor at Syracuse University, University of North Dakota, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, and University of Wisconsin-Parkside. She was acknowledged as Teacher of the Year at both University of North Dakota and University of Wisconsin-Whitewater. Dr. Hooper currently serves as the Emergency Manager for the City of Kirkland, WA. She is a Certified Emergency Manager through the International Association of Emergency Managers and is the president elect of the Washington State Emergency Management Association. She worked for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for 14 years, serving in various leadership roles including operations leader and training management. She has extensive experience in federal response work, including deployment to 23 Presidential disaster declarations like 9-ll in NYC, Hurricane Katrina, and the Cerro Grande Fire Assistance Act. Dr. Hooper s professional presentations include the Australia Resilience Conference, the Emergency Management Institute, Confederated Tribes, U.S. Army and Coast Guard, and the Disaster Emergency Response Association.
Trident is a 100% online university that has been in operation since 1998 and is regionally accredited by the WASC Senior College and University Commission (WSCUC). Active duty military, veterans, National Guard, and military dependents make up 79% of the University s student population, and Trident is proud to employ many veterans at its faculty, staff, and management levels.
About Trident University
Founded in 1998, Trident University International (Trident) is a leading online postsecondary university serving adult learners. Trident developed the Trident Learning Model, which employs case-based learning in an online setting to teach real-world relevant critical thinking skills to enhance the lives and careers of students. Trident offers high-quality bachelor s, master s, and doctoral degree programs, led by a qualified faculty team, over 80% of whom have doctoral degrees. Visit http://www.trident.edu, Trident s Facebook page, or call at (855) 290-0290 to learn more about Trident’s wide range of bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral programs.
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US tests missile in Pacific as it escalates threats to North Korea
By Mike Head
26 April 2017
While demanding that North Korea halt its nuclear and missile tests and threatening military attack if it does not the Trump administration will today test launch a nuclear-capable intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) from California across the Pacific, in a menacing show of force. According to Air Force Global Strike Command, the operation will test the weapon s effectiveness, accuracy and readiness. In the context of the mounting US military pressure on North Korea and its neighbour China, it is an unmistakeable threat of American preparedness to use nuclear-armed ICBMs. Missile launches were essential to verify the status of our national nuclear force and to demonstrate our national nuclear capabilities, Colonel Chris Moss, the Vandenberg Air Force Base 30th Space Wing commander said.
For all the political and media hysteria about the danger presented by North Korea s small and primitive nuclear and missile capacity, the provocatively-timed US test again underscores where the real risk of nuclear war resides in Washington and the Pentagon s unmatched arsenal of thousands of nuclear warheads. No target was specified for today s exercise, but an earlier US missile test, launched from a North Dakota base in February, travelled 6,760 kilometres to a test range at Kwajalein Atoll, part of the Marshall Islands in the northwestern Pacific. The Ronald Reagan Ballistic Missile Defense Test Site in the Marshall Islands is just one of the scores of US military bases throughout the Pacific, Japan and South Korea, as well as fleets of warships and submarines, from which devastating attacks on North Korea could be mounted.
On the same day as the missile test, President Donald Trump will hold a rare and suddenly announced White House briefing on the North Korean situation with all 100 members of the US Senate. Adding to the ominous atmosphere, the briefing will be delivered by the top four US war-related officials: Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis, National Intelligence Director Dan Coats and Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman General Joseph Dunford. (see: Trump summons the Senate to the White House )
In another sign of war preparations, Trump had a publicised dinner on Monday night with two key foreign policy hawks Senators John McCain and Lindsey Graham. No information was released on what they discussed, but Graham tweeted the next day: Donald Trump is NOT going to let the nutjob in North Korea develop a missile with a nuclear weapon on top that can hit the US. The nutjob was an insulting reference to North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. As these developments unfolded, Washington was encircling the Korean Peninsula with nuclear-capable warships conducting war games with Japanese and South Korean naval vessels. The USS Wayne E. Meyer, a destroyer, began exercises yesterday with a South Korean destroyer in the Yellow Sea, west of Korea. Another destroyer, the USS Fitzgerald conducted drills with a Japanese destroyer in the Sea of Japan, also known as the East Sea, east of Korea.
The US Seventh Fleet said both exercises demonstrate the US Navy s inherent flexibility to combine with allied naval forces in response to a broad range of situations. In further chilling displays, the USS Michigan, a guided-missile submarine, docked in the South Korean port of Busan and the USS Carl Vinson aircraft carrier task force, accompanied by Japanese ships, is due to arrive in the waters off the Korean Peninsula to stage a combined operation with the South Korean navy. Despite incessant claims by the political elites and corporate media that North Korea was poised to conduct its sixth nuclear test yesterday, the country s 85th anniversary of its army, Pyongyang reportedly only conducted live-fire artillery drills near Wonsan on the east coast.
On Monday Trump summoned ambassadors from the 15 UN Security Council members, including China and Russia, to demand they impose further crippling sanctions on North Korea, featuring an oil embargo, transport bans and punitive measures against Chinese banks allegedly doing business in North Korea. This was despite evidence, such as soaring oil prices in North Korea, that China is already severely constricting supplies. Trump delivered what amounted to an ultimatum, declaring that North Korea was a real threat to the world and a big world problem that we have to finally solve. Publicly, the Trump administration is holding out the prospect of applying enough pressure on China to compel North Korea to abandon its missile and nuclear programs. But Beijing is sending increasingly alarmed signals that it has very limited influence over the Pyongyang regime.
An editorial yesterday in the state-controlled Global Times warned that convincing Pyongyang to cease its nuclear activities was not as easy as saying abracadabra. The game of chicken between Washington and Pyongyang could quickly get out of control with terrible consequences that no side will be able to stop. It described the situation as puzzle filled with bombs and declared: Pyongyang must not strike a match and detonate it. This was not the first time that Beijing has voiced dismay at the danger of a military conflagration that would have a severely damaging impact on China s geo-strategic interests. Two days earlier, a Global Times editorial openly criticised North Korea, and said Pyongyang was making a mistake if it thought that Beijing considered it a sentinel and on guard duty for China. The editorial declared that North Korea s nuclear program was jeopardising China s major national interests and preventing Pyongyang from developing nuclear weapons was already Beijing s priority in Northeast Asia.
China s leaders obviously understand that their country, not just its erstwhile ally North Korea, is Washington s target. A US assault on the Korean Peninsula could not only lead to the destabilising collapse of North Korea, near one of China s major industrial regions, but install a US-backed regime on China s border, as the US sought to during the 1950-53 Korean War. The fact that China is in the firing line was highlighted yesterday by testimony at a US Senate Armed Forces Committee hearing on the Asia-Pacific region. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace senior fellow Ashley Tellis described North Korea as a near-term challenge, whereas the challenges emanating from China are long term, enduring and aimed fundamentally at decoupling the United States from its Asian partners. These comments again point to the underlying driving force behind the Korean crisis. Not just in North East Asia but around the world, the ruling US capitalist class is intent on using America s military might to offset its economic decline and block China, or any other potential rival, from challenging the global hegemony it established through victory over Germany and Japan in World War II.
Tribal leader warns of protest if Trump insists on border wall: ‘There is no word for wall in our language’
CLOSE THE CARAVAN AGAINST FEAR VISITS TOHONO O’ODHAM NATIONTohono O’odham Nation oppposes Trump’s proposed border wall | 0:42
Verlon Jose on the cost of the border wall: Taxpayers of America if they don t wake up and realize $30 billion dollars of their taxpaying money is going to go to something that is not going to be 100 percent effective.” Dianna M. N ez/The Republic
CLOSE THE CARAVAN AGAINST FEAR VISITS TOHONO O’ODHAM NATION‘There is no word for wall in our language’ | 1:22
Tohono O’odham Nation vice chairman Verlon Jose: There is no word for wall in our language because there s not meant to be any walls. Dianna M. N ez/The Republic
CLOSE THE CARAVAN AGAINST FEAR VISITS TOHONO O’ODHAM NATIONGerald Sparks speaks at the Tohono O’odham Nation | 0:45
Gerald Sparks said he joined the caravan because of a rise in racism against black people. Traveling, he heard immigrants’ stories and felt the fight against injustice is stronger when marginalized communities unite. Dianna M. N ez/The Republic
CLOSE THE CARAVAN AGAINST FEAR VISITS TOHONO O’ODHAM NATIONTohono O’odham Nation fights Trump’s proposed border wall | 0:24
Tohono O’odham vice chairman Verlon Jose joins final chant and says goodbye to travelers with the Caravan Against Fear group traveling the southwest to raise awareness of migrant rights and border issues. Dianna M. N ez/The Republic
CLOSE THE CARAVAN AGAINST FEAR VISITS TOHONO O’ODHAM NATIONCaravan Against Fear and Tohono O’odham sign | 0:21
Travelers with the Caravan Against Fear, which started in California and ends in Texas, entered the mission on Tohono O’odham Nation lands singing in Spanish and Nahuatl, the language of an indigenous people of Mexico. Dianna M. N ez/The Republic
TOPAWA The strangers arriving in the noisy caravan of white vans seemed out of place at the desert mission in Topawa, where a ghostly rhythm drew on the sounds of dusty winds, screeching crows and a friar hammering atop St. Catherine Church s aged roof. The strangers stepped out of the vans and clasped hands, forming a chain snaking across the dirt. They sang in Spanish and Nahuatl, the language of indigenous people native to Mexico.
Yo les quiero tanto, tanto,
Yo les canto, canto, canto,
Inica inihuei temetzcaltzin
Inica inihuei temetzcaltzin
The song was a gift to the Native people who had welcomed them as guests. It was days into the Caravan Against Fear, a group traveling from California across the Southwest to Texas to build a coalition for their mission: to defend immigrant rights, to keep migrant families together and to resist President Donald Trump s policies. They chanted a message printed on T-shirts for the trek: No Deportations, No Ban, No Wall, Sanctuary for All.
The group of about 60 people came to the San Solano Missions, south of Sells and about 20 miles from the U.S. border, to hear the Tohono O odham Nation s vice chairman, Verlon Jose, speak about Trump s proposed border wall. The structure would cut through about 75 miles of the nation, physically dividing the reservation in two and effectively isolating tribal members who live on the Mexican side of the border.
Donald Trump’s border wall
Before the day was over and the guests left the remote desert mission on tribal lands, Jose would bash Trump’s proposed wall, calling it a waste of taxpayer dollars and comparing it to the Berlin Wall. He would call on people to see the barrier as an international human-rights issue, offer an alternative plan for tightening border security, and acknowledge that innocent tribal members are subjected to increased vehicle searches by Border Patrol agents. He also warned of a mass protest on the border if diplomacy fails to keep the U.S. government off Tohono O’odham land, a protest that he said would rival Standing Rock.
Dividing land and people
Tohono O’odham Nation vice chairman Verlon Jose is a vocal opponent of Trump’s proposed border wall. He said the tribe will try diplomacy first, but is prepared to stage a protest that would rival Standing Rock. (Photo: Dianna M. N ez/The Republic)
The Tohono O odham Nation the second-largest tribe by land holdings in the U.S. sits on an estimated 2.7 million acres in southern Arizona s Sonoran Desert and stretches across the border into the Mexican state of Sonora. Tribal leaders have made angry statements opposing the wall, saying it would violate their tribal sovereignty, separate them from family members who live on the Mexican side of the border, harm the land and its plants and animals, as well as cut them off from ancient paths for ceremonial pilgrimages across the desert.
They admit they face a battle if the U.S. government tries to leverage public support for homeland security and immigration enforcement and invoke legal justifications, including eminent domain, to build the wall. Still, the tribe believes it can leverage public sympathy and perhaps join others, including private-property owners along the proposed wall route, who could tie the government up with prolonged lawsuits. There s also the specter of a mass protest that some say would rival the international attention drawn by the Standing Rock protesters at the site of an oil pipeline in North Dakota. Jose, a man who says he likes to talk, maybe too much, and hates it when people put on airs, embraces being the face of the tribe s fight. He made national news headlines for his comments last November to Phoenix public-radio station KJZZ about Trump s border-wall proposal:
Over my dead body will a wall be built, he said.
He s traveled with delegations to Washington for meetings with political leaders and joined panel discussions at U.S. college campuses explaining why the tribe opposes the wall. He starred with his friend and the nation s chairman, Edward Manuel, in a video released in February.
Standing at a tribal border gate amid dense brambles of mesquite, Jose laid out the history, tradition and what life is like for people who say they have no word in their language for the English term wall.
Tohono O odham have been in this area since time immemorial, he said. There was a significant action that took place called the Gadsden Purchase the United States government purchased land from Mexico, which dissected our aboriginal lands of the Tohono O odham, some of our members in Mexico and some of our members from the United States.
Telling their personal stories
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At first all this started, for me, with the racism being a black man in Los Angeles and, you know, having family all over the country, I started hearing more stories, he said. Now that I heard more and more stories, it s motivating me and making me want to participate even more because of a lot of the immigrant stories. At 79, Petra Ramirez was the oldest member of the caravan. At less than 5 feet, she was also the shortest. People took turns holding her hand to steady her as she walked.
She said she was born in Mexico, but lives in Fresno, California, where she helps people who need dialysis access their Medicare coverage. She came to the U.S. with a visa, but stayed after it expired. A family member helped her apply for legal status. It took years, she said, but now she knows what it is like to live in the U.S. without fear. She stood and spoke in Spanish, Estoy muy feliz y muy contento. A caravan leader translated for her, telling the group that Ramirez felt happy and honored to join the fight. Soon the friars spoke. They praised Jose for raising the social consciousness of his people.
‘This is bigger … it’s a human issue’
When it was Jose’s turn, he asked all of the janitors in the room to stand. He thanked them for their work. He said their job has honor, and that when people ask him what his job is, he often says he is the janitor.
Whether I m the vice chair of this nation, (or) I m the janitor, (or) I m the receptionist, (or) I m the groundskeeper, (or) I m the security guard or whatever, what difference does it make? he said. We all have very important roles in this society it s not about titles. Jose explained that the nation has been inundated with national and international requests for media interviews. He said leaders have been selective about interviews on the border wall because they can t spend all their time talking about one issue and they want to be careful to work only with news organizations that will take the time to understand that the nation s swathe of the border is unique from rest of the U.S.-Mexico border. Jose recounted the history of the border, pointing out milestones such as the Gadsden Purchase the transaction that helped divide the tribal lands for the first time and the metal posts that the tribe agreed to erect in partnership with the federal government after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. The barriers keep vehicles from passing through the border. Now there are three gates along the border monitored by Border Patrol agents. The gates, he said, are only for people with tribal IDs to cross.
Jose remembers sitting in meetings when the elders agreed to a vehicle barrier.
The elders were saying we will not ever support a human wall, if you want to put a vehicle barrier there it has to be environmental friendly, he said. We cannot stop the migration of the animals; we have a responsibility to every living thing in this world.”
He said every stick, every snake, stone, every rock is sacred because it is the embodiment of their ancestors. It s a grandmother, a parent, a child, he said. He spoke of the ancient ceremonies attended by tribal members on the Mexican side of the border, and the trip’s members make to visit family living south of the border.
No, this is bigger. It’s an indigenous issue; it s a human issue.
Verlon Jose, Tohono O odham Nation s vice chairman,
I never knew that I was going into a foreign country, he said of traveling with his father. I was just going across the cattle guard, open the fence and go across, and let s go to grandma s house and take them some goods or pick them up and take them to town or something like that. When people ask Jose if the border wall is a Tohono O odham issue, he says, No, this is bigger. It’s an indigenous issue; it s a human issue.
This is bigger than the United States of America. This is bigger than the Republic of Mexico. This is a world issue, and we should do everything I know we are to stop that wall from happening.
The guests cheered.
Contrasting views on the wall
In February, at a winter council session of the National Congress of American Indians, the Tohono O odham secured support from the non-profit group for the fight against the wall. The council approved a resolution opposing the wall, claiming that a continuous, physical wall on the southern border would further divide historic tribal lands and communities. But Jose and tribal leaders have been criticized by people who want the nation to take a more aggressive stance against the wall. They point to the resolution as justification for pressuring the federal government. They also worry that the resolution has a caveat, specifically stating that the wall should not move forward without the consent of affected tribes. They say the nation s future is in the hands of leaders who could change their minds and offer that consent.
Some people want the tribe to submit a petition with the United Nations, asking for support in their fight against the wall. Others want the tribe to file a lawsuit to stop the wall. Tribal members with U.S. citizenship, and those without, who live on the Mexican side of the nation have argued that Jose and other leaders are saying one thing in public, but will eventually cave to the U.S. government to prevent any loss of federal funding. They argue that over the years, with each division, physical and political, the tribe has isolated its Mexican members. Between the history, culture and policy lessons, Jose made occasional jokes, like one about people who speak with forked tongues. His guests laughed along with a man who makes a habit out of not telling border patrol agents who stop his car that he is the nation’s vice chairman, who may claim he is the local janitor and who prefers to travel with his son than an entourage.
Jose said he welcomes public criticism, adding that anyone who thinks the nation s 36,000 tribal members are unified in their opinions is naive. While the majority of O odham people oppose the wall and complain that border patrol agents unfairly target them on tribal lands, he said, there are also some members who may welcome the wall if it would stem crime tied to drug smuggling. Jose said it s his job to consider each tribal member s voice. He said dissent and debate among tribal members and leadership is healthy. But he shares many of the same concerns as frustrated tribal members. He told the group stories about border patrol agents whom he believes unfairly targeted him while he was driving.
Jose has heard from tribal members who think he is walking back his statement that he will die, before he allows a wall on the lands. He said he stands by his statement, but clarified that he was speaking as an individual and not for the O’odham government. Still, he said, the nation s government is talking about varied approaches to the long-term battle.
The chairman says let us see if we can deal with this in a diplomatic way, he said. We d rather not fight, we d rather try to work things out, but I ll tell you we have war parties. For now, the tribe is relying on political and communication strategies to fight the wall.
And if all else fails we have the major plan that we will step back to, if we do have to actually do physical opposition against that (wall) he said. But as the chairman and I always say, we have the responsibility for the well-being of our people, we would never want to put our people in harm s way and put them in the forefront.
No compromise on a physical wall
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A look at the socioeconomic and environmental impact of a 2,000-mile long wall at the U.S.-Mexico border.
CLOSE TRUMP BORDER WALLHere’s how much taxpayers will pay for Trump’s border wall | 0:42
It’s going to cost about two times as much as NASA’s annual budget. Video provided by Newsy Newslook
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President Donald Trump is expected to direct funds towards construction of his border wall with Mexico, but is the construction feasible? Nathan Rousseau Smith (@fantasticmrnate) investigates. Buzz60
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People want easy answers, he said, when there are none.
We have laws and it s recognized in our constitution based on custom and tradition but you cannot go on a computer and research that, you cannot go to the law library and find those, you would have to be taught those ways. Tribal values, he said, are taught through stories, each with its own moral. Jose said there is morality in a potential compromise: Establish security monitoring towers with the technological ability to secure the border digitally.
But there will be no compromise on a human wall, he said, referring to any form of a contiguous physical barrier that would stop Tohono O odham people from traveling on their ancestral lands.
‘To us it’s an imaginary line’
Jose said he recently met with a young documentary filmmaker who grew up in Berlin. They spoke of the failure of the Berlin Wall. He told a story about a Tohono O odham child who asked how he would visit his grandparents if a wall was built.
To us it is not a boundary; to us it s an imaginary line, he said, and maybe we re not there 100 percent, but those are our homelands, those are our aboriginal homelands, that is the root of our people and we will continue to go there. He finished the speech with a suggestion for the Caravan Against Fear.
What is the next journey? he asked. The Caravan of Hope, the Caravan of Resistance, the Caravan of We the People. After the discussion, people gathered for a meal. Jose continued to speak with a few reporters.
He said the federal government is considering a flawed border-security measure that would siphon billions of taxpayer dollars, which could be better used on education, health and other human services.
This is going to be a long haul if the federal government doesn t wise up and say you know what, we re going to waste a lot of our federal money,” he said,” (and) taxpayers of America if they don t wake up and realize $30 billion dollars of their taxpaying money is going to go to something that is not going to be 100 percent effective. To those who think he won t stand by his own morals, his own words, Jose said he wants to remind them that he was among those who went to Standing Rock to join the pipeline protest. If Trump won t compromise, Jose said he would stand by his promise and be among those who will form a physical protest at the wall.
Native people learned from Standing Rock, he said. If it comes to a fight of similar means, this time Indian tribes will be ready, he said.
St. Catherine’s Church in Topawa, Ariz., is cared for by the friars of San Solano Missions, which were established in 1912. (Photo: Dianna M. N ez/The Republic)
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