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Today in History – Nov. 29

The Canadian Press
Sun, 29 Nov 2015 01:15:00 CST

Today in History for Nov. 29

In 1530, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, adviser to King Henry VIII of England, died. He had fallen out of the king s favour because of his failure to secure an annulment from the pope for the king s marriage to Catharine of Aragon. In 1760, France formally transferred Detroit to British control. In 1798, the legislature of the Island of St. John voted to change its name to Prince Edward Island. The name was chosen in honour of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, who was stationed with the army in Halifax at the time. It was felt that the change was necessary because the Island was being confused with Saint John, N.B. and St. John s, N.L.

In 1814, the “London Times” became the first newspaper to be printed by a steam-powered press. In 1818, George Brown, journalist and Father of Confederation, was born at Alloa, Scotland. In 1832, Louisa May Alcott, author of “Little Women,” was born in Germantown, Pa.

In 1855, the Grand Trunk Railway completed the line between Montreal and Brockville. In 1864, a Colorado militia killed at least 150 peaceful Cheyenne Indians in the Sand Creek Massacre. In 1898, British academic and children s author C.S. Lewis was born.

In 1916, the National Research Council of Canada was established at Ottawa. In 1924, in the first hockey game played in the Montreal Forum, the Canadiens beat Toronto 7-1. In 1929, U.S. Admiral Richard Byrd became the first man to fly over the South Pole. Three years earlier, Byrd made the first flight over the North Pole.

In 1945, the monarchy was abolished in Yugoslavia and a republic was proclaimed. In 1947, Canada voted with 32 other countries in the United Nations in favour of the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. Israel proclaimed its independence the following May 14th — the day British control of the region ended. Palestinians rejected the partition plan, and decades of tension and violence have followed. In 1948, the sport of roller derby made its U.S. television network debut on CBS.

In 1949, British eye surgeon Dr. Harold Ridley performed the first operation to replace a cataract-scarred lens. The first patient was a 45-year-old woman. In 1952, Archbishop Paul-Emile Leger of Montreal was named cardinal — the sixth cardinal in the history of the Roman Catholic church in Canada. In 1967 he resigned as archbishop to do missionary work among the lepers and handicapped children in Cameroon, Africa. He died in 1991. In 1961, “Enos” the chimp was launched from Cape Canaveral aboard the “Mercury-Atlas Five” spacecraft, which orbited earth twice before returning.

In 1963, a Trans-Canada Airlines jet crashed near Ste. Therese, Que., killing all 118 on board. In 1963, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson named a commission headed by Earl Warren to investigate the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. In 1976, the first commercial flight landed at Mirabel International Airport.

In 1979, model Anita Pallenberg, Keith Richard s common-law wife, was cleared of murder charges. Her young male companion had been found shot to death in her home in New York state. In 1982, Canadian athlete Percy Williams, winner of the 100-metre and 200-metre races at the 1928 Olympics, died in Vancouver at age 74. In 1987, Gwendolyn MacEwan, poet and recipient of the Governor General s Award for English-language poetry, died in Toronto at age 46.

In 1988, Sir Victor Hubert Tait, one of the few Canadians to hold a knighthood, died in London at age 96. Born in Winnipeg, he served in the air force during both world wars, reaching the rank of air vice-marshal in the Royal Air Force. He played a key role in the planning of the Normandy invasion. He later worked for British Airways. In 1989, veteran New Democrat MP Lorne Nystrom was charged with stealing a $7.79 container of contact lens cleaner from a drugstore. He was acquitted of a shoplifting charge on Jan. 9, 1990, after an Ontario judge accepted his explanation that he must have put the container into his pocket in a moment of distraction. In 1989, Czechoslovakia s National Assembly overwhelmingly passed three constitutional amendments, ending the Communist Party s 40-year monopoly, opening the way for new parties and removing Marxist-Leninism from the basis of education.

In 1990, the UN Security Council, led by the United States, voted 12-2 to authorize military action if Iraq did not withdraw its troops from Kuwait and release all foreign hostages by Jan. 15, 1991. The hostages were taken when Iraq invaded Kuwait on Aug. 2. In 1994, Guelph, Ont., became the first Canadian city to pick a woman police chief with the appointment of Lenna Bradburn. In 1995, Ontario’s Progressive Conservative government embarked on one of Canada’s most extensive cost-cutting programs, vowing to slash $6.2 billion in spending over three years for hospitals, schools, universities and municipalities and balance the budget by the year 2000.

In 1996, Sydney Melbourne Pozer, a Canadian who helped engineer the “Great Escape” during the Second World War from prison camp Stalag Luft 3, died in Prince George, B.C. In 1998, Swiss voters overwhelmingly rejected legalizing heroin and other narcotics. In 1999, Wayne Gretzky was named the Male Athlete of the Century in The Canadian Press/Broadcast News survey of newspaper sports editors and broadcasters.

In 2001, lawyers for Steven Truscott submitted a brief to the federal justice minister calling for their client to be exonerated for the 1959 murder of 12-year-old Lynne Harper near Clinton, Ont. In 2007, he was acquitted of the crime and in 2008 was awarded $6.5 million in compensation. In 2007, AbitibiBowater Inc. announced the permanent or indefinite closure of eight money-losing mills across Canada as part of a massive reduction in newsprint production capacity. In 2009, the Montreal Alouettes erased a 16-point deficit in the final 10:52 of play to defeat the Saskatchewan Roughriders 28-27 and win the Grey Cup. Damon Duval missed a last second field goal but Saskatchewan was called for too many men on the field. Duval made no mistake on his second attempt. Montreal’s Avon Cobourne and Ben Cahoon were named the MVP and top Canadian respectively.

In 2009, six people, including an infant, died and two people survived when a floatplane crashed near Saturna Island off the coast of British Columbia just after takeoff. In 2010, Federal Court Justice Michael Kelen ordered Ottawa to make its websites accessible to visually impaired users within the next 15 months. In 2012, the UN voted overwhelmingly to approve a resolution upgrading the Palestinians to a non-member observer state, a vote that came exactly 65 years after the General Assembly voted to divide Palestine into separate states for Jews and Arabs. Canada, the U.S. and Israel were among the nine nations that voted “No.”

In 2013, a police helicopter crashed through the roof of a crowded Glasgow pub, killing its crew – two police officers and a civilian pilot – and six patrons. Thirty-two people were injured, 12 seriously. One person died in hospital days later.

In 2013, Cpl. Ron Francis, a New Brunswick Mountie who ran afoul of a policy banning RCMP officers from smoking medicinal marijuana while in uniform, returned his red serge dress uniform to the department’s headquarters in Fredericton after he said he was ordered to do so. (In September 2014, he pleaded guilty to assaulting a total of four RCMP officers in two separate incidents. He committed suicide in October, a month before his sentencing date.)

In 2014, a judge dismissed murder charges against former Egytian president Hosni Mubarak and acquitted his security chief over the killing of protesters during Egypt’s 2011 uprising that ended Mubarak’s nearly three-decade rule.

In 2014, Darren Wilson, the white police officer who killed black teenager Michael Brown, resigned from the Ferguson (Mo.) Police Department nearly four months after the fatal confrontation that led to protests across the U.S. A grand jury spent more than three months reviewing evidence before declining to issue any charges against Wilson.

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(The Canadian Press)

Burkina Faso: ‘Large-scale attack’ thwarted ahead of vote

OUAGADOUGOU, Burkina Faso (AP) ” Security forces disrupted a “large-scale attack” in Burkina Faso, arresting 13 suspects and seizing weapons and bomb-making materials in the west near Mali’s border, the security minister said Friday. News of the arrests comes two days before the West African nation holds elections, capping a turbulent year that began with a popular uprising in October 2014 and a brief, failed coup in September. The arrests were linked to the investigation of an attack on a military police post last month in Samoroguan near the Malian border, Alain Zagre told state radio. In that attack, 50 assailants stormed the post, killing three military police officers and burning vehicles before retreating back to Mali.

The 13 suspects are from Burkina Faso and Mali, Zagre said, raising the possibility of the involvement of extremist groups active in the neighboring country.

“It was a large-scale attack that they were staging,” he said. Burkina Faso has largely been spared extremist violence. However, gunmen attacked another police post near Mali’s border in August, and in April a Romanian security officer was kidnapped from the northern Tambao mining site. The al-Qaida linked Al-Mourabitoun group claimed responsibility ” the same group that said it carried out last week’s hotel attack in Mali that killed 19. Burkina Faso has set up checkpoints at the entrances to cities and plans to close its borders for Sunday’s vote.

“The distractions of the election period could provide a greater opportunity for militants to enter Burkina Faso, most likely from Mali, and carry out attacks,” said Simon Jennings, an analyst at London-based Assaye Risk. “Security operations in Mali also raise the potential for the country’s militant groups and traffickers to be pushed further east toward Burkina Faso.”

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Associated Press writer Robbie Corey-Boulet contributed to this report from Abidjan, Ivory Coast.

Kailua-Kona Public Library hosting ornament contest for all ages

KAILUA-KONA What makes the Big Island special? Beautiful sunsets, abundant sea life, picturesque beaches, or something else? Capture an aspect of Hawaii s southern-most island in a holiday ornament that hangs from a hook and fits within a 4-square-inch box and you could earn age group bragging rights, as well as one of three gift cards from the Kailua-Kona Public Library. The free contest is open to all keiki by age and keiki at heart.

When you think of the Big Island what do you see? Form an idea and take it from there, said Elizabeth Poire, Kailua-Kona Public Library assistant. Be creative and get those creative juices flowing. See what you can do. Submissions for the library s first-ever Big Island Ornament Contest are due Saturday and the contest is not limited to just the keiki; adults can get in on the fun, too. Prizes will be awarded to the top public vote-getter in each of three categories: adult (ages 18 and older), teen (ages 13 to 17) and keiki (ages 5 to 12).

Public voting gets underway Dec. 1 and continues through Dec. 12. Each of those 12 days, library-goers can select their favorite ornament in each age category. The keiki-made ornament that tallies the most votes will earn one youngster a $10 Jamba Juice gift card, the top teen ornament a $10 Target gift card, and the top adult ornament will receive a $10 Longs gift card. Poire got the idea for the contest after seeing a statewide library newsletter that included a piece about a similar event held at Oahu s Ewa Beach Public and School Library.

They got a great response, Poire said. After speaking with the organizers of the Oahu event, she decided to try out the fun, crafty contest in Kona. It s also part of the library s efforts to attract more community members.

We re definitely getting more people, said Poire, noting the library is often busy with people using the Internet and perusing books. And, we do have all these other things.

Next up for the library is a book sale at 9 a.m. on Dec. 12 on the front lanai. On Dec. 19, Kenny Creekmur, the library s security guard on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays, will give a special afternoon holiday performance.

Ornament submissions are due by 5 p.m. Saturday at the library s circulation desk. Entry forms can be picked up at the library.

Info: 327-4327