THE Philippines may be enjoying close relations with China, but the country must now advance its own fisheries-management policies in the disputed South China Sea (SCS), a research recommended. In a study by the Stratbase Albert del Rosario Institute, Maria Carmen A. Lagman said the Philippines must reinforce the ruling of the arbitral tribunal on the country s case against China. Lagman, who is also biology professor at the De La Salle University, said the Philippines must insist on a national and regional fisheries-management agenda in the SCS. The advocacy, which was aimed at addressing the challenges of food security, environment protection and climate change, would require the Philippines and other countries encircling the SCS to establish transboundary marine parks or areas of joint protection, Lagman wrote in the study, titled Converging on the Fisheries in the South China Sea . She added the Philippines and other countries should also bring into discussions other international policy instruments and develop regional-level policies targeted toward small-scale fisheries.
Lagman said these options are becoming more than ever urgent because failure to manage the fisheries in the SCS could lead to exploitation of marine life in the area.
Citing data from another research, Lagman reported fisheries landing in the SCS in 2015 amounted to 10 million tons (MT), which was 12 percent of the total global catch.
LAGMAN said this data is likely to be underestimated and it might even increase to 16.6 MT if catch from subsistence, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing are included. Fisheries-trade figures said the SCS contribute 11 MT to 17 MT in traded fisheries catch annually, with a landed value of no less than $12 billion. This translates to over 3 million jobs associated with fishing activities.
With so much at stake, Lagman said, it is no wonder that control of the fisheries [in the SCS] will definitely be a source of economic and political tension. However, she argued that other countries with claims over the SCS should also come up with a focused set of policy instruments on small-scale fisheries, which was seen to be the practical alternative to industrial fishing.
Lagman said small-scale fishers lose income when commercial vessels intrude their fishing areas, as these boats make use of abusive catching tools trawls, ring nets and purse seines that virtually harvest all organisms. The unregulated business of industrial fishing in the SCS led to the collapse in a number of large predatory fish, according to the study. The latter, which include tunas and groupers, are now slowly replaced by smaller fish highly reliant on zooplankton, like the tilapia and crawfish.
LAGMAN said overfished stocks would result to the phenomenon known as fishing down the food web , highlighted by a reduction in the quality and size of catch. Lagman surmised the reduction in catch quality and size were already factored in by countries surrounding the SCS, as they have seen a decrease in demersal and pelagic fish stocks over the past decades.
The maximum sustainable yield (MSY) of the Philippines, Vietnam, east Malaysia and southern China has long been exceeded since the late-1980s, the study said. The MSY is seen as the threshold, and hence, immediate and substantial action must be taken to secure the harvested stock. The study said exhaustion of the MSY is reason enough for countries contending over the SCS to discuss the convergence of the fisheries in the area.
The fish are a common resource for the countries in the SCS, Lagman said. Unless effort is taken to accommodate the transboundary nature of the resources, managing them would not be effective. She noted that fisheries policies in many of the disputing countries were almost, if not fully, spatially-explicit. Citing the Philippines, the country declared some of its key fishing grounds closed seasons for commercial fishing. These included the East Sulu Sea, Basilan Strait and Sibuguey Bay to sardine fishing, selected areas of the Visayan Sea to sardines, herring and mackerels and the West Philippine Sea to Northern Sulu Sea to round scad fishing.
JUDGING by the oceanographic features of the SCS, Lagman pinpointed the Spratly Islands and the Scarborough Shoal as the sources of the area s propagules and, therefore, should be the focus of management strategies. Lagman also raised concern over the effects of pollution, siltation, destructive fishing and eutrophication resulting from human activities on the coastline, as this would contaminate the mangroves, sea grass meadows and coral reefs in the SCS. Already threatened by coastal activities that deposit sediments, nutrients and effluents, the SCS is further jeopardized by destructive fishing practices that make use of trawls, push nets, dynamite and poison. In addition, about $5.3 trillion of trade courses through the SCS every year, with the aspiration that no accident will occur, such as the Guimaras oil spill in 2006, when a tanker carrying 2 million liters of bunker fuel sank at the Guimaras Strait, damaging biodiversity-rich areas in the Philippines.
This is why the aggression of China on Mischief Reef in the Spratly Islands is a cause of concern for biologists, as Beijing was seen building seven new islands in the area by moving sediment from the seafloor to the reef.
Reefs have been destroyed outright to serve as foundations for these new islands, causing long-term extensive damage to the environment, Lagman added.
(ISC)2 New Jersey Chapter Announces Marene Allison, VP and CISO for Johnson & Johnson as Keynote Speaker at …
JERSEY CITY, N.J., April 21, 2017 /PRNewswire-iReach/ — (ISC)2 New Jersey Chapter, is excited to announce Marene Allison, Vice President and Chief Information Security Officer for Johnson & Johnson as a keynote speaker for its annual Social Engineering Prevention Conference SECON2017 held May 25, 2017 at New Jersey City University.
The conference offers two keynote presentations from industry leaders, interactive workshops, and “hands-on” exercises on social engineering. The program includes two Keynote CISO panels and a lively discussion on social engineering impact on security. Attendees will learn about implications of social engineering and mitigating strategies. Members of the New Jersey Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Cell (NJCCIC) will be on hand to answer questions or concerns.
Social engineering is pervasive and this conference has something for both business and technical attendees. Learn how to protect yourself, family and business from the dangers of social engineering.
Marene Allison’s keynote presentation on Social Engineering and IoT will provide a current perspective of innovation and persistence in Cybersecurity. Also Ms. Allison will be a panelist on Implications of Social Engineering and Mitigation Strategies.
In her Chief Information Security Officer role at Johnson & Johnson’, Marene Allison is responsible for protecting the company’s Information Technology (IT) systems and data worldwide through elimination and mitigation of cybersecurity risk. Prior to J&J, Marene was Chief Security Officer and Vice President for Medco, where she oversaw all aspects of security and regulatory compliance. As head of Global Security at Avaya, Marene secured the World Cup network in Korea and Japan in 2002. She also worked as Vice President of Loss Prevention and Safety for the Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company. Before that, Marene was an FBI Special Agent, working on undercover drug operations, terrorist bombings, and a mock nuclear terrorism exercise.
Other significant speakers include:
- Beth Ritter-Guth, Director of Instructional Design & Director of American Honors, Union County College
- Christopher Frenz, Director of Infrastructure, Interfaith Medical Center
- Eric Kron, Security Awareness Advocate, KnowBe4
- Nasir Memon, Associate Dean for Online Learning, NYU Tandon School of Engineering
- Robert Wood, Head of Trust and Security, Nuna
- Rashaad Bajwa, President, Domain Computer Services, Inc.
- Rich Mikelinich, Chief Information Security Officer, Yale University
- Wyman Miles, Chief Information Security Officer, Cornell University
“Not only companies need to safeguard their systems and data from social engineering, the dangers have reached the average household consumer all need to be vigilant about methods to defend against confidence tricks,” said Yolanda Baker, CISA, member of the Steering Committee for the conference, volunteer at (ISC)2 New Jersey Chapter and Past President of ISACA New Jersey Chapter.
About Johnson & Johnson
Johnson & Johnson, headquartered in New Brunswick, New Jersey, is an American multinational medical devices, pharmaceutical and consumer packaged goods manufacturer founded in 1886. Its common stock is a component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the company is listed among the Fortune 500. The approximately 126,400 employees at more than 230 Johnson & Johnson operating companies work with partners in health care to touch the lives of over a billion people every day, throughout the world.
About (ISC)2 New Jersey Chapter
(ISC)2 New Jersey Chapter is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit charitable organization. Our chapter’s mission is to disseminate knowledge, exchange ideas, and encourage community outreach efforts, for advancement of information security practice and awareness in our society. We also strive to provide enjoyable opportunities for professional networking and growth.
Media Contact: Yolanda Baker, CISA, (ISC)2 Chapter New Jersey, Phone: (646) 883-6815,
The gunman suspected of killing three white men in a racially charged attack in Fresno was proud of what he had accomplished and laughed many times as he explained his actions in interviews with police, authorities said Wednesday. After Kori Ali Muhammad learned that he was wanted for the death of a security guard last week, he wanted to take out as many other white men as possible, Fresno Police Chief Jerry Dyer said. “He was going to kill as many white males as possible and that’s what he…