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Facebook recognizes political attacks

NEW YORK Facebook is acknowledging that governments or other malicious non-state actors are using its social network to influence political sentiment in ways that could affect national elections. It s a long way from CEO Mark Zuckerberg s assertion back in November that it was pretty crazy to think that false news on Facebook influenced the U.S. presidential election. It s also a major sign that the world s biggest social network is continuing to grapple with its outsized role in how the world communicates, for better or for worse.

Facebook Recognizes Political AttacksFacebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg originally did not acknowledge foreign election meddling on his site, but the company now says malicious actors did use Facebook as a platform and it is time to address the problem. Associated Press/Noah Berger Facebook Recognizes Political Attacks

In a paper posted online on Thursday, Facebook security researchers and its chief security officer said the company will monitor the efforts of those who try to hurt civic discourse on its service, whether that s governments or other groups. It is also looking to identify fake accounts, and says it will notify people if their accounts have been targeted by such cyberattackers.

(We) have had to expand our security focus from traditional abusive behavior, such as account hacking, malware, spam and financial scams, to include more subtle and insidious forms of misuse, including attempts to manipulate civic discourse and deceive people, the report states. It was written by researchers Jen Weedon and William Nuland and Facebook exec Alex Stamos and titled Information Operations and Facebook.

ELECTION MEDDLING

The team defined information operations as any actions taken by governments or other actors to distort domestic or foreign political sentiment to achieve a strategic purpose. Such operations can include the dissemination of false news and disinformation and the use of fake-account networks aimed at manipulating public opinion through a variety of means. Using the 2016 U.S. presidential election as an example, Facebook said it uncovered several situations where malicious actors used social media to share information stolen from other sources, such as email accounts, with the intent of harming the reputation of specific political targets.

The company did not name the actors or the victims, but it said its data does not contradict a January report by the U.S. Director of National Intelligence that Russia tried to meddle with the U.S. election.

MORE TO DO

Jonathan Albright, a professor who studies data journalism at Elon University in North Carolina, urged journalists and others back in February to look not just at the role of Facebook in spreading false or misleading information, but also at the sources of such information. That is, to attempt to identify both the producers of this material and those who spread it using social networks and other means. Facebook s paper addresses the amplifiers of such content the fake accounts that like and share false news stories, for example. The company has also announced steps to support legitimate journalism and news literacy. But the paper does not delve into ideas about attacking false news and propaganda at the source, including by banning such content from the site. Currently, Facebook users who want to share an article that has been debunked by outside fact-checkers, for example, are able to do so after they get a warning from Facebook. Facebook has long held that it does not want to be the arbiter of truth that it wants its users to decide for themselves (within limits of its terms of service) what they want to read and post.

But balancing a desire not to censor with a desire to weed out state-sponsored propaganda has been a challenging exercise for the company.

NBA roundup: LeBron James will miss regular-season finale

CLEVELAND LeBron James will sit out Cleveland s regular-season finale, resting a strained right calf in preparation for the playoffs. James didn t play in Monday night s loss at Miami and General Manager David Griffin confirmed Tuesday that James will miss Wednesday s game against Toronto.

NBA Roundup: LeBron James Will Miss Regular-season FinaleLeBron James has made a habit of sitting out regular-season finales and will do it again Wednesday night, even though the Cleveland Cavaliers are seeking the top spot in the East. Associated Press/Darren Abate NBA Roundup: LeBron James Will Miss Regular-season Finale

James, 32, who hasn t played in the last regular-season game since 2007, logged 47 minutes in Sunday s overtime loss at Atlanta. He s trying to reach the finals for a seventh straight time. The Cavaliers have prioritized health and rest over getting the No. 1 seed in the Eastern Conference. They also sat guard Kyrie Irving against the Heat. He s been bothered by soreness in his surgically repaired left knee.

Cleveland is also without center Tristan Thompson, who has a sprained right thumb.

Cleveland will sign free- agent swingman Dahntay Jones for the postseason. Jones, 36, made a significant contribution in last year s finals, when Cleveland rallied from a 3-1 deficit to stun Golden State. He came off the bench and scored five quick points in Game 6.

WARRIORS: Stephen Curry has the best-selling jersey in the NBA for the second consecutive year. The league announced that NBAStore.com sales show Curry leading LeBron James, Kevin Durant, Russell Westbrook and Kyrie Irving for the most popular jersey this season.

The NBA also said the Warriors have the best-selling merchandise as a franchise this season, ahead of the Cavaliers, Bulls, Lakers and Knicks. Boston Celtics guard Isaiah Thomas appears in the top 15 in jersey sales for the first time at No. 14.

HAWKS: Atlanta appointed Malik Rose as general manager of its D-League affiliate in Erie, Pennsylvania, beginning next season. Rose also will maintain his duties as manager of basketball operations for the Hawks.

The Hawks new D-League franchise will play in Erie the next two seasons before relocating in 2019 to a 3,500-seat arena that will be built in College Park , adjacent to Atlanta s airport and only about 10 miles from Philips Arena. Rose was in the NBA for 13 years, playing with Charlotte, San Antonio, New York and Oklahoma City. He won NBA titles with the Spurs in 1999 and 2003.

CHARLES OAKLEY appeared at a Manhattan criminal court for an arraignment hearing stemming from a series of misdemeanor charges he faces after a scuffle with Madison Square Garden security during a February Knicks game. After a three-minute hearing, Oakley was ordered to file motions by May 16 and appear again on May 30. He faces two assault charges, two harassment charges and criminal trespassing.

Dressed in a dark blue suit, Oakley was the first of about 125 cases called before Judge Judy Kim at the lower Manhattan courthouse. The former Knicks player remained silent while assistant district attorney Ryan Lipes read the charges.

According to Lipes, Oakley told police during his arrest that he had a couple of drinks before arriving at the Garden for the Knicks-Clippers game Feb. 8. Every time I come to the Garden, Dolan has security guards on me, Oakley told police, referring to Knicks owner James Dolan.

Every time I come to the Garden, nothing good happens.