Donald Trump Donald Trump President of the United States and real estate developer. His business contacts in Russia date to the late 1980s.
Paul Manafort Paul Manafort A political consultant and lobbyist and former Trump campaign chairman, Manafort was also a former business associate of Rick Gates and Roger Stone. Manafort was involved in a couple of million-dollar investment deals with oligarchs linked to Putin. He also advised former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych, who fled to Russia in 2014.
Ret. Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn Ret. Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn Former national security adviser and former director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. Flynn resigned as the NSC head after The Washington Post reported that he misled Vice President Mike Pence and others on the true nature of his contacts with Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak, saying he had not privately discussed U.S. sanctions.
Carter Page Carter Page Former foreign policy adviser for the Trump campaign, energy executive and oil industry consultant. Page had worked in Moscow for years as a vice president with Merrill Lynch and made recent trips to Russia.
Jeff Sessions Jeff Sessions Attorney general. The former senator from Alabama and early Trump supporter recused himself from investigations related to the 2016 campaign after The Post found that, contrary to statements he made in his confirmation hearing, he had met with the Russian ambassador twice during the campaign.
Jared Kushner Jared Kushner Trump’s son-in-law and senior adviser, New York real estate developer. Kushner’s circle of friends and business ties includes prominent Russians.
Donald Trump Jr. Donald Trump Jr. Trump’s eldest son. Trump Jr. is operating the family business while his father is in office.
Rex Tillerson Rex Tillerson Secretary of state and former chief executive of ExxonMobil. Tillerson developed extensive ties in Russia during his tenure with the oil giant.
Wilbur Ross Wilbur Ross Commerce Secretary Ross holds a stake in the Bank of Cyprus, which has prominent Russian investors.
Roger Stone Roger Stone Longtime Trump friend, adviser and political consultant, former business partner of Paul Manafort. Stone claimed to have communicated indirectly with WikiLeaks before the website published emails that the intelligence community said were stolen by Russian agents.
J.D. Gordon J.D. Gordon Former Trump campaign adviser. The Republican strategist resisted adding anti-Russia language in the GOP platform and met with Kislyak at the convention.
Michael Caputo Michael Caputo Adviser to the Trump campaign for the New York primary. The public relations executive was once paid to improve Putin’s image in the United States.
Rick Gates Rick Gates Business associate of Manafort since 2006, Gates helped lead a nonprofit supporting Trump policies, America First. He took a leave of absence in March after The Washington Post reported on his business deals with Manafort.
Marc E. Kasowitz Marc E. Kasowitz Trump’s longtime personal lawyer. Trump chose Kasowitz in May to represent him in the Russia investigation. Other Kasowitz clients include Russian oligarch Oleg Deripaska and Sberbank, Russia’s largest state-owned bank.
Vladimir Putin Vladimir Putin Russian president who U.S. intelligence agencies believe personally ordered the interference into the 2016 election, including penetrating the Democratic National Committee’s computer systems and distributing fake news stories. Putin has consistently denied the allegations, calling the attacks a “political witch hunt.”
Russian business interests Russian business interests Historically, oligarchs have used relationships with foreign business leaders for political gain. Many of the Russian business people with whom Team Trump has various types of relationships are listed separately in this article.
Sergey Kislyak Sergey Kislyak Russian ambassador to the United States since 2008, a career diplomat not considered especially close to Putin.
Igor Sechin Igor Sechin Executive chairman of the Russian state oil giant Rosneft, former deputy prime minister in Putin’s cabinet.
Russian hackers Russian hackers The GRU, Russia s military intelligence organization, is thought to have begun cyber operations aimed at influencing the U.S. presidential election by March 2016, according to the U.S. intelligence community. The GRU hacked the Democratic National Committee and also the personal email accounts of Democratic Party officials and political figures. By May, 2016, the GRU had stolen large volumes of data from the DNC. The GRU relayed that material to WikiLeaks, the anti-secrecy organization, the intelligence community concluded. Guccifer 2.0. is an online persona linked to the GRU and used perhaps by more than one individual to publicize hacked materials. Analysts are skeptical Guccifer 2.0 conducted the actual hacking, but agree with officials that the name was used as a front to disclose materials online.
Sergey N. Gorkov Sergey N. Gorkov Chief of Vnesheconombank,a Russian government-owned development bank that was placed on the U.S. sanctions list in 2014 after Russia annexed Crimea. Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev sits on the bank’s supervisory board.
Michael Cohen Michael Cohen A longtime Trump Organization lawyer, Cohen became personal counsel to the president following the inauguration. In late January, Cohen met with a Ukrainian lawmaker and agreed to ferry a Russian-backed peace plan for Ukraine to the White House. The New York Times reported Cohen said he left the plan in Flynn’s office days before Flynn resigned as national security adviser. Cohen told The Washington Post he threw the plan in the trash.
Ivanka Trump Ivanka Trump President Trump’s older daughter has taken an office in the West Wing and a job as adviser and assistant to the president. She has met with foreign heads of state, including Justin Trudeau of Canada and Angela Merkel of Germany.
Felix Sater Felix Sater The Russian-born Trump business partner tried to help get a deal for a Trump Tower in Moscow in 2005 and again in 2015. In January 2017, he helped bring a pro-Russia peace plan for Ukraine to Trump lawyer Michael Cohen. Trump has frequently said he doesn t remember Sater, who was the managing director of Bayrock Group, the firm that developed Trump SoHo.
Sergei Millian Sergei Millian The 38-year-old Belarusan American is believed to be the man behind one of the most salacious claims in the controversial dossier compiled by Christopher Steele: that Donald Trump hired prostitutes at the Moscow Ritz-Carlton and that the Kremlin has kept evidence of the encounter. Millian denies that he played this role.
George Papadopoulos George Papadopoulos Sergei Millian, a key source for the “dossier” compiled by a former British spy, told certain individuals during the campaign that he was in touch with Papadopoulos, a campaign adviser. Papadopoulos met with foreign leaders and gave an interview criticizing U.S. sanctions on Russia.
Erik Prince Erik Prince Prince, a Trump business associate, brother of Education Secretary Betsy DeVos and the founder of notorious private security firm Blackwater, presented himself as an unofficial envoy of Trump in a meeting with a representative of Vladimir Putin in the Seychelles days before Trump’s inauguration, according to U.S., European and Arab officials. The meeting was brokered by the United Arab Emirates who hoped to loosen Russian ties to Iran by strengthening ties between Russia and the United States.
Andrii V. Artemenko Andrii V. Artemenko The Ukrainian politician met with Trump’s personal lawyer in New York to try to propose a peace deal for Ukraine.
Putin representative Putin representative A Russian representing President Vladimir Putin met with Blackwater founder Erik Prince, who said he represented Trump, in the Seychelles days before the inauguration, according to U.S., European and Arab officials. The meeting was arranged by the United Arab Emirates, who hoped to drive a wedge between Russia and Iran by facilitating a closer relationship between Russia and the United States.
Dmitry Firtash Dmitry Firtash Firtash is a Ukrainian oligarch and ally of former Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, who fled to Russia in 2014. Firtash is wanted in the United States on corruption charges stemming from an FBI investigation that dates to 2006. He is accused of kicking back proceeds from gas deals to Gazprom, Russia’s state-backed oil company. According to legal papers, Firtash was involved in real estate deals with Paul Manafort and his associate Rick Gates, including a failed Manhattan project in 2008.
Oleg Deripaska Oleg Deripaska Russian billionaire who paid millions to Manafort for management fees and is considered close to President Vladimir Putin. The AP first reported that Manafort proposed a strategy to Deripaska that included plans to influence politics and news coverage in favor of Putin. Deripaska has strongly denied the existence of this proposed Manafort strategy and has taken out ads in U.S. newspapers denying the AP’s claims. White House press secretary Sean Spicer said Trump was unaware of Manafort s business ties with Deripaska.
Victor Podobnyy Victor Podobnyy A Russian spy who met with Trump adviser Carter Page in January 2013 at an energy conference in New York. At the time, the Russians were seeking information on U.S. sanctions and on energy development. Page insists the information he passed to Podobnyy was immaterial, and he said he assisted prosecutors in the case.
Aras Agalarov Aras Agalarov Billionaire developer Agalarov, known as “The Trump of Russia” because he likes to put his name on his properties, was among the investors who brought Trump’s 2013 Miss Universe competition to Moscow. He told The Post he first met Trump during production of a music video in which Trump appeared with Agalarov’s pop-singer son and some of the Miss Universe contestants. Agalarov served as liaison between Trump and Vladimir Putin, and the two had planned to meet at Trump’s invitation the day before the pageant. (Putin cancelled the meeting.) Agalarov said he and Trump agreed to build a Trump Tower in Moscow, but the plan was never realized.
Viktor Vekselberg Viktor Vekselberg A friend of Vladimir Putin, Ukrainian-born oil tycoon Vekselberg is a large shareholder in the Bank of Cyprus, in which Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross also had a stake. Ross led a rescue of the once-troubled bank and served on the bank’s board of directors.
Yuri Milner Yuri Milner Russian tech billionaire Yuri Milner is among the main investors in Cadre, a real estate startup created in 2015 by Jared Kushner, his brother and a friend.
Alexander Torshin Alexander Torshin Alexander Torshin is a former Russian senator from Putin’s party who is now a top official at Russia’s central bank. A proponent of gun rights and aligning the Russian government with the Orthodox Church, he built relationships with top U.S. conservatives, meeting with them in Moscow and attending National Rifle Association meetings, where he said he interacted with Donald Trump and his son Donald Trump Jr. A White House official said President Trump does not recall the exchange. Torshin has faced allegations in Spain that he is involved with organized crime, which he has denied. He has not been charged.
John Podesta John Podesta Hillary Clinton’s campaign chairman, whose account is hacked after he opens a link in his email. Podesta’s emails would then be released by WikiLeaks on the same day the Obama administration issues a formal statement blaming Russia for election interference.
Guccifer 2.0 Guccifer 2.0 Self-identified Romanian hacker who releases stolen documents from the Democratic National Committee. Cybersecurity experts believe “Guccifer 2.0” is a cover for the Russian government.
James B. Comey James B. Comey FBI director appointed by Obama. Comey was one of four senior officials to participate in meetings in the Situation Room on how to respond to Russia’s interference. Comey particpates in a briefing for members of Congress on Russia’s activities, but the meeting disolves into partisan bickering.
James R. Clapper James R. Clapper Director of national intelligence and one of four senior administration officials to participate in meetings in of the Situation Room on how to retaliate against Russia. Clapper would eventually release the Obama administration’s first statement concluding Russia interfered in the election.
Jeh Johnson Jeh Johnson Homeland security secretary. Johnson is tasked with securing voting systems and arranges meetings with dozens of state officials.
John Brennan John Brennan CIA director. Brennan first alerts the White House to the Putin intelligence and later briefs Obama in the Oval Office.
Alexander Bortnikov Alexander Bortnikov Director of the FSB, the post-Soviet successor to the KGB. CIA Director John Brennan is one of the first to warn Bortnikov over Russia’s election interference in a telephone call. Brennan said Bortnikov denied it but told him he would pass on his message to Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Susan Rice Susan Rice National security adviser. Rice orders the National Security Council to finalize a list of options to use against Moscow.
Denis McDonough Denis McDonough White House chief of staff. McDonough was one of the first few officials to discuss details of the intelligence.
Avril Haines Avril Haines Deputy national security adviser and former deputy director of the CIA under Brennan.
Lisa Monaco Lisa Monaco Homeland security adviser. Monaco briefs key members of Congress on the intelligence.
John Kerry John Kerry Secretary of state. Kerry tries to get the administration to confront Russia several times.
Andrew McCabe Andrew McCabe Deputy FBI director. McCabe was among others in the Situation Room challenged by Rice to go to the max of their comfort zones” in deciding retaliatory measures.
The Islamic State group claimed a pair of attacks Wednesday on Iran’s parliament and the shrine of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, which have killed two security guards and wounded more than 30 people, with the siege at the legislature still underway. It marks the first attack in Iran claimed by the extremist group, which is at war with Iranian-backed forces in Syria and Iraq. In a message posted through its Aamaq News Agency, the IS group claimed its fighters were behind the assaults. The attacks began midmorning when assailants armed with Kalashnikov rifles stormed the parliament building. One of the attackers later blew himself up inside, where a session had been in progress, according to a statement carried by Iran’s state TV.
Deputy Interior Minister Mohammad Hossein Zolfaghari told Iran’s state TV the apparently male attackers wore women’s attire. An Associated Press reporter saw several police snipers on the rooftops of buildings around the parliament. Shops in the area were shuttered, and gunfire could be heard. Witnesses said the attackers were shooting from the fourth floor of the parliament building down at people in the streets below.
“I was passing by one of the streets. I thought that children were playing with fireworks, but I realized people are hiding and lying down on the streets,” Ebrahim Ghanimi, who was around the parliament building when the assailants stormed in, told The Associated Press. “With the help of a taxi driver, I reached a nearby alley.”
Police helicopters circled over the parliament building and all mobile phone lines from inside were disconnected. The semi-official ISNA news agency said all entrance and exit gates at parliament were closed and that lawmakers and reporters were ordered to remain in place inside the chamber. Soon after the parliament attack, a suicide bomber and other assailants targeted the shrine located just outside the capital, Tehran, according to Iran’s official state broadcaster. It said a security guard was killed and that one of the attackers was killed by security guards. A woman was also arrested.
In addition to being lethal, the attack on the shrine of Khomeini is symbolically stunning. As Iran’s first Supreme Leader, Khomeini is a towering figure in the country and was its revolutionary leader in the 1979 ouster of the shah. An Associated Press reporter saw security forces, some uniformed and others in plainclothes, around the large and ornate shrine. The IS group often claims attacks around the world, even when links to the group cannot be confirmed and appear dubious. Iranian security officials have not said who they suspect is behind the attacks, though state media has referred to the attackers as “terrorists”.
Sunni extremists, including the IS, despise Shiite-majority Iran. Iran has also come under attack in the past by Arab insurgents.
The unusual attacks in Iran prompted the Interior Ministry to call for an urgent security meeting, according to the state-run IRNA news agency. Officials urged people to avoid using public transportation until further notice.
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The pace of terror plots successfully intercepted and prevented by Britain s intelligence and counter-terror agencies considerably quickened in the months leading up to the Manchester attack.
Security service sources have revealed five terror plots were foiled between the Westminster attack in March, where Islamist Khalid Masood ran down a number of pedestrians and stabbed a police constable to death outside the Palace of Westminster, killing five, and the Manchester bombing which killed 22. The five plots foiled in less than two months contribute to a total of 18 stopped since 2013. The comments of the sources reported by The Sun said Britain s domestic intelligence agency MI5 was running around 500 active investigations, that encompassed some 3,000 subjects of interest . It has since been revealed that in addition to those subjects of interest, the British government was also aware of a further 20,000 potential Jihadists who had been reported to the services or detected by other means, but were judged not enough of a risk to monitor in greater depth.
The aftermath of the Westminster attack in March 2017
Both Khalid Masood, the Westminster killer and Salman Abedi, the Manchester bomber were part of this greater pool of potential subjects, who did not receive the full attention of the security services because there are not enough intelligence and police officers to monitor them all. Allowed to have slipped through the net , these individuals were able to plan and execute their attacks without the attention of the security services.
The paper reported the remarks of a former senior figure who said: Knowing of someone s radical sympathies and knowing they present a real and present danger are very different things. So the essence of the security dilemma is triage, how to assess who and when to investigate very deeply given the resources needed for 24/7 surveillance.
For every suspect that appears to be high priority another has to be pushed down the list. So who not to investigate urgently is as important a decision as who might be worth investigating .